YOUTH DAY June 16
13 1/2 MINUTE SCRIPT

OPENING SEQUENCE

DIALOGUE
VISUAL
SOUND
  SA Coat of arms, center screen on black b/g  
  Coat of arms morphs into football flying through the air. TKZee ‘Shibobo’
  Football flies through air toward goal where it’s caught by boy. Game ends. Team cheers. Whistle blows.
  BOY leaves the pitch with football and picks up his school bag. Diary falls out and opens at June 16th. On the page he’s written in big letters; ‘HOLIDAY!!’  
  BOY drops ball to pick up his diary. Ball bounces on the spot and comes to a halt.  
BOY: ‘Aish!’ BOY stops to pick up ball but the ball morphs back into coat of arms, startling the boy, who steps back. ESBE morphs and wiggles out of coat of arms and hails boy. VO.
ESBE: Hi! It’s me, ESBE   VO
BOY: Where are you? BOY startled, looks around him but only he can see ESBE and he can’t believe it’s speaking.  
ESBE: Hey, it’s me speaking! Esbe flies up and perches on BOY’s shoulder VO
BOY: Who are you? BOY looks at ESBE amazed  
ESBE: I’m Esbe the Secretary Bird. I’m on the coat of arms of our country.   VO
BOY: I gotta go The BOY starts walking up a dusty street.  
ESBE: I’ll come along if you don’t mind BOY shrugs and continues walking VO
ESBE: I see that you have marked June 16th as a holiday.    
BOY: Yes, we get a day off! As they talk, they walk through the township, toward the taxi rank  
ESBE: Is that all it is?    
BOY: Well yes. It’s for us. I’m a youth!    
ESBE: Well of course you are. But how do you think it got be Youth Day?    
BOY: Well it’s a government thing isn’t it. It’s a public holiday for everyone.    
ESBE: June 16, 1976. This is a special day for all young people because it represents decades of struggle and sacrifice for generations of our youth Stills and film footage of mission schools, some still in use VO
ESBE: In 1949, there were 4 500 African mission schools in South Africa. Although they were very poor and totally inadequate to cope with children wanting an education, their existence was a thorn in the side of the National Party Government. In their view, black people were so different from whites, that they had to have a different kind of education. At these mission schools, they claimed 'dangerous, liberal ideas were being fed by outsiders into untrained minds.' And that they achieved nothing more than the destruction of Bantu culture… nothing beyond succeeding in making the native an imitation Westerner…' The BOY and ESBE reach the taxi rank. VO
ESBE: Under Hendrik Verwoerd, who was then Minister of Native Affairs, African education was brought under state control and government aid to these schools were reduced and later cut altogether. The State built black schools, but controlled what was taught in them. As Verwoerd said: 'What is the use of teaching a Bantu child mathematics when it cannot use it in practice?'

Fifteen times more was set aside for educating a white student compared to a black student.

Dissolve through pages of the Bantu Education Bill.

Layer over early protest marches by children.

VO
ESBE: If knowledge is power, the apartheid government did everything it could to suppress access to knowledge, thereby emasculating the development of black society as a whole. Newspaper and magazine articles on the subject of black education.

Overcrowded black schools. Children walking to school on a long road.

VO
ESBE: By 1976, resistance had increased to such an extent, that the introduction of Afrikaans as a medium of instruction in secondary schools was the last straw. Afrikaans text books. Early protest marches. VO
  Dissolve back to taxi rank. BOY is waiting at the rank, surrounded by people. Music is playing, hawkers, lots of school kids going home.

BOY gets into taxi, up front with the driver.

 
  POV from BOY riding through the township  
ESBE: And then came June 16, 1976. Using stock footage, we create a dramatic account of the events of the day.  
ESBE: In the next few weeks, over 700 people, many of them young people, died throughout South Africa. Stills, headlines and film footage to show how protest sprang up throughout the country and the reaction of the police.  
ESBE: On Youth Day, we honour those South Africans who gave up their youth and took on the responsibility of facing an oppressive, immoral regime with great courage. Many paid with their lives. Many left the country. Countless youths were so traumatised that it was difficult for them to return to living a normal life. But their reactions contributed to changing everything. Film footage of previous Youth Day celebrations, some of official events, others of young people partying and enjoying themselves.  
BOY: So what? That’s in the past, it’s history. What does it have to do with me? Taxi driver looks at BOY strangely as he talks to invisible ESBE. BOY looks away embarrassed.  
BOY: (Whispering to ESBE) Sshh…    
ESBE (ignoring BOY): But youth day is not just about history. The value of our youth for the future of South Africa is also celebrated on this day. CUT to ESBE (small as an animated icon on bottom corner of screen as if presenting a private screening for BOY) in front of a film montage of young achievers — in Music, the Arts, Business and especially, living with HIV/AIDS.  
ESBE: South Africa is bubbling with the creative and intellectual energy of our young people.

This energy is going to fuel the future of South Africa both at home and internationally.

Stills and film footage of young actors in SA drama, KTV and SABC presenters. Some young artists with examples of their work. School and Wits drama, youth in science labs.

The KTV Young Entrepreneurs event.

 
  CUT to BOY’s location. He gets out of the taxi and walks up the street toward his house with ESBE bouncing on his shoulder and occasionally fluttering up into the air.

BOY says hi to his girlfriend who he meets on the street.

 
GIRLFRIEND: Hey! What’s that on your shoulder? (Only young people can see ESBE.)  
FRIENDS: Hey! Whose your friend? BOY’s other neighbourhood friends join them as they walk.  
BOY: You can see her too? This is ESBE. She’s on our coat of arms and she’s a secretary bird. She’s been explaining why we have Youth Day.    
GROUP: Wow! They finally arrive at BOY’s house and go into the yard where they crowd around ESBE who is fluttering in the air, anxious to continue her story.  
ESBE: I was telling BOY that on Youth Day we celebrate what it is to be young and to overcome the obstacles that confront us. ESBE gestures as if to introduce insert… CUT to interview with three young people.  
ESBE (to disabled SWIMMER): What did it take for you to overcome such enormous obstacles?    
SWIMMER: She explains to the group what it took to overcome her disability In action, swimming  
ZOLA (Kwaaito singer and actor): Hey, I grew up on the street, a Tsotsi but I learned better etc. I realised that I had to take charge of my own life Montage of Music video and TV show.  
WANDI (from Loxion Kulcha): Young entrepeneur. ‘Nothing was going to stop me from succeeding in spite of all the obstacles that confronted me. Youths modeling their clothes  
SWIMMER: You must know what you want and be passionate about achieving it    
ESBE (to ZOLA): What do you think is the biggest challenge facing young people?    
ZOLA: It’s has to be HIV/AIDS and it’s has be about being informed and being able to make the right choices In the township, talking with young people about HIV/AIDS  
AS A GROUP: Yes! You’ve got to know yourself Back to group  
ESBE: So you think AIDS is the major issue confronting our youth today?    
COLLECTIVELY: Yes! We all need to get involved and to take charge of our own lives!    
ESBE: I’ve learned so much from you.    
  CUT back to BOY and his friends in his yard.  
BOY: I’ve learned so much from you! ESBE flutters around with pride, while the kids chatter  
ESBE (to camera): Look at them, they are so young yet already they have so much to pass on…

Let’s celebrate the youth of South Africa throughout history and into the future.

Kids pick up basketball and start throwing ball through homemade hoop fixed to wall, showing off their talents to ESBE  
ESBE: Gotta go. Bye! Ball lands in hoop, freezes and morphs back into coat of arms.  
GROUP: They wave goodbye. ESBE wriggles back into her position in the coat or arms, waving goodbye