18 January 2013 — Pambazuka News
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Pambazuka News (English edition): ISSN 1753-6839
CONTENTS: 1. Features, 2. Comment & analysis, 3. Advocacy & campaigns, 4. Books & arts, 5. Letters & Opinions
LETTER TO PATRICE EMERY LUMUMBA Ama Biney
On the 52nd anniversary of the vicious assassination of Patrice Lumumba, Ama Biney reflects on both the current state of the DRC and Africa, arguing that the Congo is not only a ‘world problem’ but remains critical to the future unity of Africa due to its resources and geo-strategic location http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/85972
PATRICE LUMUMBA’S RELEVANCE Ideas for today’s generation of African leaders Antoine Roger Lokongo
During the short life of Patrice Lumumba, before he was savagely assassinated, he committed himself to several important ideas and principles that a new generation of Africans must re-visit http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/85969
UN WANTS TO MAKE WAR IN CONGO? For whom, for what, against whom? Jean-Paul Kimonyo
The UN in the DRC is stabilizing the predatory Congolese state and part of the failure of the stabilization strategy is due to the insecurity stemming from conflicts between communities revolving around land, citizenship, control of space and the externalization of neighbouring instability http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/85966
MLK’S LEGACY AND THE LABOUR MOVEMENT Abayomi Azikiwe
From the Montgomery bus boycott, the marches on Detroit and Washington to the sanitation strike in Memphis, civil rights and labour worked to break down US apartheid which is integral to the legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/85970
WORLD BANK RACISM: DEATHS AND SUFFERINGS Fatuma Mokaba
The group Justice for Blacks indicts the World Bank for its racial injustice against its own black staff as America celebrates Dr. Martin Luther King’s birthday and questions whether the new President of the bank will uphold the caste system of discrimination against blacks or seek to walk a different path that genuinely addresses systemic racial discrimination http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/85968
AFRICAN AMERICANS AT THE WORLD BANK Beneath the racial underneath Phyllis Muhammad and Adrienne Smith
The birthday of Dr Martin Luther King reminds the world that African Americans suffered for centuries under slavery and during the Jim Crow era of legalized segregation. Yet the World Bank continues to target them to this day http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/85971
ZUMA AND ZULU NATIONALISM: A RESPONSE TO GUMEDE Gary K. Busch
A long memory is necessary in untangling the political relationships among the Zulus as well as the historic conflict between the ANC and Inkatha, which Gary Busch assesses in his rejoinder to William Gumede http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/85967
2 Comment & analysis
ELECTIONS 2012: GHANA ON THE PATH TO DEEPENING ITS DEMOCRACY K. Owusu-Ampomah
The recent elections point to the increasing legitimation of liberal democracy and suggest a political culture that seems to reiterate Nkrumah’s belief that “the black man is capable of managing his own affairs” http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/85982
ETHIOPIA: A TIME TO HEAL, A TIME TO RECONCILE Alemayehu G Mariam
Evidence on the hate crime committed at Addis Ababa University does not point an accusatory finger at students but at an invisible hand, possibly the State. The time has come for Ethiopian youth to lead in national healing http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/85974
WHAT WENT WRONG? LESSONS FROM MALAWI’S FOOD CRISIS Autocracy and aid dependency killed an agriculture success story Masimba Tafirenyika
Malawi has gone from bountiful maize crops to renewed uncertainty: Strong, democratic leadership and sound policies are essential for ensuring food security http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/85977
NIGERIA: JONATHAN, TWO BISHOPS AND THE REST Uche Igwe
Nigerians are getting increasingly disappointed by President Jonathan’s uninspiring record. Religious leaders could play a greater role in pushing him and other politicians to dutifully discharge the mandate given by the electorate http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/85976
WAR ON TERROR KENYA STYLE Abdul Ghelleh
Besides the bitter political infighting, endemic culture of corruption and the ever-present fear of more tribal and political violence during the upcoming March 4 elections, Kenya’s war on terror has hurt many innocent people http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/85978
WORLD BANK ROLE IN NAMIBIAN EDUCATION CRISIS Shaun Whittaker
Namibia has scrapped primary school fees, a stark rejection of the World Bank’s neo-liberal fundamentalist education model imposed on the country, which denied many their basic right and resulted in vast social disparities http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/85979
BEYOND CHIMAMANDA AND THE ‘RUMU’-‘UMU‘ CONTROVERSY Okachikwu Dibia
Research on Ikwerre origin does not suggest they are Igbo. But a long lopsided relationship with Igbo led to the loss of Ikwerre identity. They have suffered all kinds of humiliation and marginalization within the Federal Republic of Nigeria http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/85980
COULD THERE BE EXCEPTIONS TO INVIOLABILITY OF DIPLOMATIC IMMUNITY? Munyonzwe Hamalengwa
International law protects the inviolability of the integrity and dignity of diplomatic agents and this extends to the property and premises of diplomatic missions. But could there be any exceptions to the inviolability in international law of diplomatic immunity? Should there be? http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/85973
AMERICANS AND KING‘S HOLIDAY: A HISTORICAL OVERVIEW Yvette Marie Alex-Assensoh and A.B. Assensoh
King’s holiday will be celebrated in America next Monday. It is an opportunity for everyone to remember the revered civil rights crusader’s contribution not just to the liberation of African Americans but all oppressed black people in the world http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/85981
TIM SCOTT TO THE U.S. SENATE: BIG DEAL OR MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING? Judson L. Jeffries
Until Scott actually campaigns for the office and is elected, any definitive proclamation regarding his recent good fortunate should be tempered http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/85975
3 Advocacy & campaigns
AFRICAN VOICES OF LEGAL EMPOWERMENT Chi Mgbako
With the cost of a lawyer quite high in Africa, leaving poorer individuals to navigate the winding road to justice alone, community paralegals are helpind individuals and communities demand and realize their rights http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/advocacy/85983
SUDAN: END THE CRACKDOWN ON NGOS Amnesty International
Working on development, human rights and peace has become increasingly difficult in Sudan. In the last month, at least three NGOs have been closed and their staff harassed and questioned by the National Security Service (NSS). This crackdown is expected to continue in the coming weeks.
Take action to stop the crackdown. Sign the action here ( http://amnesty.org/en/appeals-for-action/CrackdownOnSudanNGOs ) and an email will be sent directly to the Sudanese government demanding that they allow the NGOs to reopen, end harassment of their staff and respect freedom of association.
//////////////////////////////////// 4 Books & arts
A REAL LIFE DJANGO Margaret Kimberley
Audiences cheering the exploits of the Django fictional character do so in part because they mistakenly believe that this work of fiction has no historical basis in it at all http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/books/85987
WHAT IS HAITI TO ME? Ama Biney
The heartbeat of Africa cloned to the Caribbean;
A nation of defiant and valiant freedom fighters who dared to rise up
Against the French, Spanish and British colonial overlords against the chains of slavery;
Who desired freedom and were prepared to wage a 13-year-long guerrilla war against
European overlords who did not believe in ‘liberte, fraternite, equalite’ for blacks;
A nation of half a million Africans who cherished their African-ness in the Vodun religion
Against the caricatures and demonization of this religion by Hollywood;
A people who believed their freedom was worth paying the French 150 million francs –
Yet were to be squeezed and punished in other ways by American occupation
And deathly neo-liberalism that fails to trickle down growth;
A people who know the meaning of struggle, pain, suffering, tragedy –
But remain in spite of hurricanes and tornadoes that cannot quench their spirits and hopes for a dignified life
A people who profoundly know the meaning of dictatorship lived during the Duvalier era
That ‘disappeared’ thousands, killed many who spoke out against kleptocracy, corruption, and inequality;
A people who know the meaning of neo-colonialism; that house negroes remain in the land;
A people who know that uncle toms and aunt jemimas are a powerful minority in collusion
With Uncle Sam wearing a black face and their neo-colonial brothers and sisters across in the neo-colonial Dominican Republic;
A people who know that colorism remains in the land and the ruling elite are not safe
Under a genuine democracy but with their US supplied automatic rifles
The presence of the Tonton Macoutes that they support and the various military attaches Uncle Sam funds to allow the rich to sleep easily at night;
It is a people who have recovered their agency and voted for a radical priest in two genuine elections
Only for the US and their detractors to deny this electoral victory on account that they did not like what the radical priest represented;
It is the masses who see the rich minority seated at a ‘vast table covered with white damask and overflowing with good food’ whilst the people are ‘hunched over in the dirt and starving’  – waiting once more to knock down that table and construct a new one in which all will equitably eat.
1. Words of former President Jean Bertrand Aristide.
TIME TO LEGALIZE ACCESS TO GUNS IN NIGERIA? Niyi Adebisi
With the spate of murders and assassinations of unarmed Nigerians in Nigeria by security agents and armed robbers, is it not the time to call for legislation that legalizes self protection by allowing Nigerians to legally possess?
The daylight murder of Dr. Irawo Adamolekun in the city of Lagos with dozens of passersby, AND with IMPUNITY, calls for urgent revision of our gun access laws.
If at least two or three Nigerians who witnessed that shooting had guns, they would have at least prevented that hoodlum from escaping from the scene without trace. In the same vein, many Nigerians would be able to challenge armed robbers that operate in their neighbourhood. In addition the unprovoked maltreatment of civilians by security agents in Nigeria will be limited if such security agent know that the civilian they are about to victimize may possess gun and may be able to defend themselves against unprovoked aggression.
The current debate about gun control in America due to recent spate of violence may be an argument against my proposal, but we have to realize that things are getting out of hand in Nigeria and the Nigerian security agents are not protecting Nigerians. This is the main reason to start looking for alternative ways to ensure protection of Nigerians.
Fahamu – Networks For Social Justice http://www.fahamu.org
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End of Pambazuka-news Digest, Vol 250, Issue 1