Statewatch News Online, 10 June 2014: EU: When the state is complicit in hate

10 June 2014 — Statewatch • e-mail: office@statewatch.org

NEWS
http://www.statewatch.org/news/

1.   EU: Council of the European Union: Foreign fighter and returnees from a counter-terrorism perspective
2.   COE: Parliamentary Assembly (PACE): ‘Crucial gaps’ in the legal framework on search and rescue in the Mediterranean 
3.   EU-INTERPOL-WEST AFRICA: Creating the West African Police Information System (WAPIS)
4.   EU: Agency for Fundamental Rights: National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU
5.   EU: Justice and Home Affairs Council, 5-6 June 2014, Luxembourg
6.   ITALY: European elections: incumbent pro-EU government wins despite appeal of Eurosceptic forces
7.   EU: European Data Protection Supervisor: The EU should ensure an area of freedom, security and justice
8.   BULGARIA: Human Rights Watch: Bulgaria’s Pushbacks and Detention of Syrian and Other Asylum Seekers and Migrants
9.   CYPRUS: Arrest and imprisonment of the Executive Director of KISA by the Administration of the Mennogeia Detention Centre 
10.  ISRAEL: Israeli firm Verint patents system to target spying via facial recognition of photos sifted from data intercepts
11.  EU: When the state is complicit in hate: (IRR)
12.  EU: Europol lists lock-ons, blockades, demonstrations and parades under “violent extremism”
13.  EU: European Commission: Work of the Task Force Mediterranean
14.  EU: Council of the European Union: Digest of LIMITE documents
15.  Spain: Human Rights at the southern border – the events in Ceuta and Melilla are not an isolated event
16.  UK: New report: Back from the battlefield: domestic drones in the UK
17.  EU: Statewatch Analysis: Border guards, planes, “thermal vision vans” and heartbeat detectors – who is equipping Frontex?
18.  EU-LIBYA BUDGET:  EUBAM 
19.  EU-eu-LISA: Report on the technical functioning of the Visa Information System (VIS)
20.  EU: INTERNAL-EXTERNAL JHA INTERFACE: EEAS: Strengthening Ties between CSDP and FSJ: Road Map
21.  UK: Institute of Race Relations (IRR): Deaths in immigration detention: 1989-2014
22.  UK: Police push ahead with remote vehicle stopping technology despite “Big Brother” concerns
23. Updated: EU: UK OPT-OUT of JHA MEASURES: Council of the European Union:
24.  EU-POST-STOCKHOLM PROGRAMME: COUNCIL DECIDING NEXT FIVE-YEAR PROGRAMME
25.  EU-USA: “UMBRELLA” DATA PROTECTION AGREEMENT: State of play
26.  EU: Frontex report (2014): Commitments of the Member States to the European Border Guard Teams
27.  ITALY: Migrants revolt at Rome detention centre
28.  EU: DATA SURVEILLANCE: EU court backs ‘right to be forgotten’:
29.  EU: Council of the European Union: Adopts new rules for the surveillance of the EU external sea borders
30.  EU: Full text of the Draft Impact Assessment on the “modernisation of the EU copyright acquis”
31.  EU: MANDATORY DATA RETENTION: Invalidation of Directive by court
32.  EU: EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT STATISTICS
33.  UK: New acoustic weapon for police to undergo Home Office tests
34.  SWITZERLAND: DATA SURVEILLANCE: Data retention in Switzerland – tational Councillor Balthasar Glättli 
35.  EU: European Commission: “Lessons learned from the European Commission’s development of SIS II
36.  Council of Europe: Prison overcrowding persists in Europe, says Council of Europe report
37.  EU: European Data Protection Supervisor: Privacy and competitiveness in the age of big data
38. Council of the European Union:  Access to documents: Member STate positions

EU-NSA-GCHQ: DATA SURVEILLANCE: Selected stories for full coverage see:
http://www.statewatch.org/eu-usa-data-surveillance.htm

1.   US-NSA: Identity Intelligence: Image Is Everything
2.   N.S.A. Collecting Millions of Faces From Web Images
3.   UK-GCHQ: GCHQ’s beyond top secret Middle Eastern internet spy base
4.   GCHQ-NSA: There’s No Good Reason for Spy Agencies to Snoop on Humanitarian Groups
5.   GERMANY-US-NSA: Germany Begins Inquiry of U.S. in Surveillance Case
6.   GCHQ-NSA: DATA SURVEILLANCE: Expert opinion from Douwe Korff, Emeritus Professor of International Law
7.   USA: NSA:DATA SURVEILLANCE: FISA Amendment Bill 2014 as it stands in May 2014 
8.   USA: NSA: The Bahamas Wants to Know Why the NSA is Recording Its Phone Calls
9.   USA-NSA: DATA SURVEILLANCE: NSA Is Recording Every Cell Phone Call in the Bahamas 
10  EU: EU-USA: DATA SURVEILLANCE: European Parliament: LIBE Committee Inquiry
11. UK-GCHQ: DATA SURVEILLANCE: GCHQ’s spy malware operation faces legal challenge
12. UK-USA: Washington spends £200m creating intelligence hub in Britain
13. UK: Statewatch analysis: GCHQ is authorised to “spy on the world”
14. USA: DATA SURVEILLANCE: Everyone is under surveillance now, says whistleblower Edward Snowden 
15. UK-USA: DATA SURVEILLANCE: New ‘revealed documents’ from freesnowden.is on 2012 London Olympics:
16. UK-USA: DATA SURVEILLANCE: British Spy Chiefs Secretly Begged to Play in NSA’s Data Pools 
17. NORWAY: INTELLIGENCE GATHERING: NIS aquires supercomputer

USING THE STATEWATCH WEBSITE

1. EU: Council of the European Union: Foreign fighter and returnees from a counter-terrorism perspective (11928/13, pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/eu-council-foreign-fighters-11928-13.pdf

“At its meeting on 7 and 8 June 2013, the Council agreed to instruct the Working Party for Schengen Matters to make suggestions by November 2013 for an increased and harmonised use of the SIS alert system in the context of jihadists travelling from Europe in great numbers to Syria and other hotspots, which constitutes a serious problem for European internal security.”

2. EU: Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE): ‘Crucial gaps’ in the legal framework on search and rescue in the Mediterranean (link):
http://www.assembly.coe.int/nw/xml/News/News-View-EN.asp?newsid=5059&lang=2&cat=134

Full report (pdf): http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/pace-report-saving-lives-at-sea-june-14.pdf

3. EU-INTERPOL-WEST AFRICA: Creating the West African Police Information System (WAPIS): Improving responses to organised crime and drug trafficking along the cocaine route” (INTERPOL presentation, 28-30 May, Rome, pdf):
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/interpol-wapis-presentation-may-2014.pdf

WAPIS was invented and paid for by the EU and Interpol and launched its “Programme Office” in Abuja in January: ECOWAS, INTERPOL, EU move against transnational organized crime in West Africa (link)
http://news.ecowas.int/presseshow.php?nb=004&lang=en&annee=2014

See also: EU: Millions of euros for new police databases in West Africa:
http://database.statewatch.org/article.asp?aid=32187

4. EU: Agency for Fundamental Rights: National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies (link)
http://fra.europa.eu/en/project/2014/national-intelligence-authorities-and-surveillance-eu-fundamental-rights-safeguards-and

5. EU: Justice and Home Affairs Council, 5-6 June 2014, Luxembourg: 

“B” Points agenda (for discussion, pdf): http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/eu-jha-council-B-points-agenda-5-6-june-14.pdf
“A” Points agenda non-legislative (adopted without discussion, pdf):
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/eu-jha-council-A-points-non-legislative-agenda-5-6-june-14.pdf
Press release (pdf): http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/eu-jha-council-final-prel-5-6-june-14.pdf

6.  ITALY: European elections: incumbent pro-EU government wins despite appeal of Eurosceptic forces
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/italy-eu-elections.html

7. EU: European Data Protection Supervisor: The EU should ensure an area of freedom, security and justice with the rights of individuals at its core: Press release (pdf): http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/eu-edps-dev-asfj-prel.pdf

Opinion (pdf): http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/eu-edps-dev-asfj-opinion.pdf

8. BULGARIA: Human Rights Watch: Bulgaria’s Pushbacks and Detention of Syrian and Other Asylum Seekers and Migrants (press release, link):
http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/04/29/bulgaria-asylum-seekers-summarily-expelled

Full report (pdf): http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/hrw-bulgaria-pushbacks-containment-plan-may-14.pdf

9. CYPRUS: Arrest and imprisonment of the Executive Director of KISA by the Administration of the Mennogeia Detention Centre (KISA, link)
http://kisa.org.cy/30-05-2014-arrest-and-imprisonment-of-the-executive-director-of-kisa-by-the-administration-of-the-mennogeia-detention-centre/

10. ISRAEL: Israeli firm Verint patents system to target spying via facial recognition of photos sifted from data intercepts (link)
https://www.google.com/patents/EP2587405A1

11.  When the state is complicit in hate: Racist violence in Europe is sustained by cultures of impunity, as reports by Amnesty International, and Médecins du Monde and the Greek Council for Refugees make clear (IRR, link)
http://www.irr.org.uk/news/when-the-state-is-complicit-in-hate/

12.  EU: Europol lists lock-ons, blockades, demonstrations and parades under “violent extremism

TE-SAT 2014: European Union terrorism Situation and Trend Report 2014 (Large pdf). Alongside reports on terroriism the following is included:
“Violent extremist activities [emphasis in original, p36]:
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-europol-2014-05-te-sat-report.pdf

Violent left-wing and anarchist extremist groups exploit traditional left-wing causes, such as anti-fascism and antiracism (particularly as regards asylum issues), to engage in violent protest. During such protests, criminal damage, blockades and ‘lock-ons’ [footnote 32] are typical tactics and, on occasion, more serious offences such as arson have occurred.

14. EU: European Commission: Commission Staff Working Document: Implementation of the Communication on the Work of the Task Force Mediterranean (pdf):http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-com-sdw-task-force-med-part-1.pdf

and Part 2 (pdf) http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-com-sdw-task-force-med-part-2.pdf

15. EU: Council of the European Union: Digest of LIMITE documents: COSI, Maritime Security, EUBAM Libya, e-Justice, Foreign fighters, Radicalisation, LEWP, Interpol, UK-SIS II, ENLETS, EP-CFSP, FGM, EU Charter, EPPO, Exit-Entry
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-council-document-digest.htm

16. Spain: Human Rights at the southern border – the events in Ceuta and Melilla are not an isolated event
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/ceuta-melilla.htm

On 22 April 2014, the Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos de Andalucía (APDHA) presented its annual “Report on Human Rights at the southern border” for 2014, which focuses on the situation at the borders in the Spanish north African enclave cities of Ceuta and Melilla, where at least 15 people died in controversial circumstances, including the firing of rubber bullets and teargas as they swam, on 6 February 2014.

17. New report: Back from the battlefield: domestic drones in the UK (link)
http://statewatch.org/observatories_files/drones/uk/bftb.html

This new report from Statewatch and Drone Wars UK aims to contribute to the public debate on the use of drones within the UK. The main body of the research examines the use of drones by police forces and border control authorities and argues that public discussion and debate is needed before the use of drones – in particular for surveillance purposes – becomes widespread. See also:

– Press release: National Crime Agency may be flying drones in secret, says new report (pdf)
http://statewatch.org/observatories_files/drones/uk/bftb.html

18. EU: Statewatch Analysis: Border guards, planes, “thermal vision vans” and heartbeat detectors – who is equipping Frontex? (pdf) by Chris Jones
http://www.statewatch.org/analyses/no-245-frontex-tech.pdf

• Total number of national border guards available to Frontex increases by over 30% from 1,885 in 2013 to 2,484 in 2014
• Amount of technical equipment Member States make available – including boats, planes, “thermal vision vans”, heartbeat detectors and dogs – also grows
• Frontex’s “response capacity will be strengthened”¨ in 2014 “further development” of European Border Guard Teams and the Technical Equipment Pool

19. EU-LIBYA BUDGET: Council of the European Union: Draft Council Decision amending Decision 2013/233/CFSP on the European Union Integrated Border Management Assistance Mission in Libya (EUBAM Libya) – Adoption (22 pages, pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-council-2014-09255-eubam-libya-budget.pdf

20. EU-eu-LISA: Report on the technical functioning of the Visa Information System (VIS) (33 pages, pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-2014-03-eu-lisa-vis-report.pdf

21.  EU: INTERNAL-EXTERNAL JHA INTERFACE: European External Action Service: Strengthening Ties between CSDP and FSJ: Road Map implementation Second annual progress report (59 pages with detailed Annex, pdf):
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-eeas-interpol.pdf

Covers everything from crisis management, Intelligence-Led Policing, Intelligence sharing between Frontex and EEAS/Intelligence Centre/INTCEN as part of the EUROSUR Common Pre-Frontier Intelligence Picture, cooperation between the EEAS and ICPO-INTERPOL, FRONTEX has already been involved in the strategic (FFM) and operational planning (TAM) of the CSDP mission EUBAM Libya.

See also: EU: Plans emerge for the collection of personal data outside European borders to obtain “comprehensive situational awareness and intelligence 
support” (Statewatch database): http://database.statewatch.org/article.asp?aid=31942

22. UK: Institute of Race Relations (IRR): Deaths in immigration detention: 1989-2014 (link): “We list all deaths that have taken place in immigration removal and short-term holding centres since 1989; we also list those who have died shortly after release from immigration detention.”:
http://www.irr.org.uk/news/deaths-in-immigration-detention-1989-2014/

23.  UK: Police push ahead with remote vehicle stopping technology despite “Big Brother” concerns
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/remote-stopping.htm

British police and government officials are pushing ahead with plans to deploy technology that would allow vehicles to be stopped at a distance, although the idea is widely disliked – nearly half of all respondents to a recent poll felt that it could potentially “lead to a Big Brother state” and that “remote stopping technology could be abused by the police.”

24. Updated: EU: UK OPT-OUT of JHA MEASURES: Council of the European Union: Documents dated 19 May 2014:

– Draft Council Decision (Schengen acquis): http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-council-draft-decision-schengen-acquis-9929-14.pdf
– Updated list of “lisbonised” ex-third pillar acquis: http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-council-lisbonised-third-pillar-acquis-9930-14.pdf
– List of Schengen acquis concerning the United Kingdom (pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-council-uk-schengen-acquis-9931-14.pdf

25.  EU-POST-STOCKHOLM PROGRAMME: COUNCIL DECIDING NEXT FIVE-YEAR PROGRAMME WHILE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT IS RECESSED FOR  ELECTIONS AND THEIR AFTERMATH: Council of the European Union: Future development of the area of Freedom, Security and Justice (doc no: 9531-14, 16 May 2014):http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-council-post-stockholm-programme-9531-14.pdf

Council Presidency paper for COREPER (the high-level committee of permanent national representatives based in Brussels) to discuss. The first full draft of the Programme to be adopted under the Italian Presidency. See: The next Justice and Home Affairs Programme: everything changed, so nothing can change? (link) by Henri Labayle and Emilio De Capitani:
http://eulawanalysis.blogspot.co.uk/search?updated-min=2014-01-01T00:00:00-08:00&updated-max=2015-01-01T00:00:00-08:00&max-results=50

26. EU-USA: “UMBRELLA” DATA PROTECTION AGREEMENT: State of play: The Council of the European Union has made public a “Partial Declassified” version: EU-US data protection “Umbrella Agreement” – Commission Services Non-Paper on state of play of negotiations (dated 30 April 2014):
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-council-eu-us-umbrella-agreement-pa-8761-ext1-14.pdf

This contains just over three pages of general background, all the detail is censored. The full version, 16 pages long, is here: EU-US data protection “Umbrella Agreement” – Commission Services Non-Paper on state of play of negotiations (link to secret RESTRICTED Document): “Delegations will find in Annex Commission Services Non-Paper on state of play of negotiations on EU-US data protection “Umbrella Agreement””:
https://netzpolitik.org/wp-upload/2014-04-09-COUNCIL-8761-14.pdf

27. EU: Frontex report (2014): Annual Information on the Commitments of the Member States to the European Border Guard Teams and the Technical Equipment Pool: http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-frontex-ms-and-borders.pdf

28.  ITALY: Migrants revolt at Rome detention centre (The Local, link): “Clashes erupted at an immigration detention centre in Rome on Thursday as around 250 people barricaded themselves inside the building, described as a place of “desperate detention” by one rights group. The protest comes in the same week a Tunisian man sewed his mouth shut in protest at a nearby facility.”
http://www.thelocal.it/20140516/migrants-revolt-at-rome-detention-centre

29.  EU: DATA SURVEILLANCE: EU court backs ‘right to be forgotten’: Google must amend results on request (Guardian, link)
http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/may/13/right-to-be-forgotten-eu-court-google-search-results

“A European court has backed the “right to be forgotten” and said Google must delete “inadequate, irrelevant or no longer relevant” data from its results when a member of the public requests it. The test case ruling by the European Union’s court of justice against Google Spain was brought by a Spanish man, Mario Costeja González, after he failed to secure the deletion of an auction notice of his repossessed home dating from 1998 on the website of a mass circulation newspaper in Catalonia.” See: Full-text of Judgment (link)
http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf?text=&docid=152065&pageIndex=0&doclang=en&mode=lst&dir=&occ=first&part=1&cid=243691

And: The CJEU’s Google Spain judgment: failing to balance privacy and freedom of expression (Steve Peers EU Law Analysis, link)
http://eulawanalysis.blogspot.co.uk/2014/05/the-cjeus-google-spain-judgment-failing.html

30. EU: Council of the European Union: Council adopts new rules for the surveillance of the EU external sea borders (press release, pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-council-pr-new-rules-surveillance-sea-borders-9492-14.pdf

See: Statewatch Analysis: New EU rules on maritime surveillance: will they stop the deaths and push-backs in the Mediterranean? by Steve Peers (February 2014, pdf): http://www.statewatch.org/analyses/no-237-maritime-surveillance.pdf

31. EU: Full text of the Draft Impact Assessment on the “modernisation of the EU copyright acquis” (large file – 15mb, pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-draft-impact-assessment-copyright-acquis.pdf

32. EU: MANDATORY DATA RETENTION: Council of the European Union note to COREPER on: Invalidation of Directive 2006/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the retention of data generated or processed in connection with the provision of publicly available electronic communications services or of public communications networks and amending Directive 2002/58/EC (the Data Retention Directive) (9009/14, pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-council-note-data-retention-judgment-9009-14.pdf

Paragraphs 19 and 20 are of interest, but do not reveal a great deal. They note that Passenger Name Retention (PNR) and the Visa Information System (VIS) potentially raise issues, but there is no commitment to reviewing them in light of these principles. This is particularly relevant with regard to PNR, which is still before the Council (as far as the legislative proposal for an EU system is concerned).

33. EU: EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT STATISTICS: Council of the European Union: Replies to questionnaire on quantitative information on the practical operation of the European arrest warrant – Year 2013 (8414/14, pdf):
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-council-eaw-statistics-2013-8414-14.pdf

34.  UK: New acoustic weapon for police to undergo Home Office tests
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/police-a-wasp.htm

The UK Home Office is to undertake an evaluation of an acoustic weapon which fires “a highly directional beam of sound towards targeted individuals or small groups” from a distance of up to 400 feet. The purpose of the device, called the A-WASP, is to “disrupt perpetrators of violence or crime and make them aware that they are individually the subject of asserted police attention,” according to the manufacturers.

35. SWITZERLAND: DATA SURVEILLANCE: Data retention in Switzerland – the monitored life of National Councillor Balthasar Glättli (link)
http://apps.opendatacity.de/vds/index_en.html

“Balthasar Glättli, member of the National Council for The Green Party, has provided OpenDataCity with parts of his retained data of six month for this visualization. As a result, these retained data reveal what secret services and law inforcement call “profile” – a comprehensive picture of the entire life of the monitored person.”

36. EU: European Commission: Replies of the Commission to the special report of the European Court of Auditors: “Lessons learned from the European Commission’s development of the second generation Schengen II Information System (SIS II)” (COM 2014 251, pdf):
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/apr/eu-com-sis-ii-lessons-251-14.pdf

37. Council of Europe: Prison overcrowding persists in Europe, says Council of Europe report (link)
https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc.jsp?Ref=DC-PR053%282014%29&Language=lanEnglish&Ver=original&Site=DC&BackColorInternet=F5CA75&BackColorIntranet=F5CA75&BackColorLogged=A9BACE

Six problems faced by the European prison system (ampp3d, link)
http://www.thelocal.it/20140429/italy-among-worst-in-europe-for-prison-overcrowding

Italy’s crowded prisons among worst in Europe (The Local, link)
http://www.thelocal.it/20140429/italy-among-worst-in-europe-for-prison-overcrowding

1.7 Million people behind bars in Europe; Theft tops offences (The New Age, link)
http://www.thenewage.co.za/124265-1020-53-17_Million_people_behind_bars_in_Europe%3B_Theft_tops_offences

38. EU: European Data Protection Supervisor: Privacy and competitiveness in the age of big data: The interplay between data protection, competition law and consumer protection in the Digital Economy: 
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/apr/eu-edps-competitition-law-big-data.pdf

39. Council of the European Union: COUNCIL SEEKS TO AVOID OBLIGATION TO MAKE MEMBERS STATES’ POSITIONS PUBLIC FOLLOWING COURT RULING and to include MEMBER STATE NAMES ONLY “WHERE IT IS DEEMED APPROPRIATE”: Drafting of documents relating to legislative activities (doc no: 8662-rev 1-14, 13 May 2014, pdf):
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-council-ms-positions-8622-rev1-14.pdf

Previous documents: Public access to documents (LIMITE, 17177/13, 29 November 2013, pdf):
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/feb/eu-council-access-info-ecj-17177-13.pdf

and Document no: 7356-14 (6 March 2014, pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/eu-council-access-info-follow-up-7356-14.pdf

EU-NSA-GCHQ: DATA SURVEILLANCE: Selected stories for full coverage see:
http://www.statewatch.org/eu-usa-data-surveillance.htm

1. US-NSA: Identity Intelligence: Image Is Everything (New York Times, link)
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/06/01/us/nsa-document.html?_r=1

“Top secret documents show that the National Security Agency is harvesting huge numbers of images of people that it intercepts through its global surveillance operations for use in sophisticated facial recognition programs. An excerpt of one of the documents, a presentation, is below. The documents were obtained by Edward J. Snowden, a former contractor with the agency.”

See: document excerpt (pdf): http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/nsa-identity-spy.pdf

2. N.S.A. Collecting Millions of Faces From Web Images (New York Times, link)
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/01/us/nsa-collecting-millions-of-faces-from-web-images.html

“The National Security Agency is harvesting huge numbers of images of people from communications that it intercepts through its global surveillance operations for use in sophisticated facial recognition programs, according to top-secret documents.”

3. UK-GCHQ: GCHQ’s beyond top secret Middle Eastern internet spy base (Register, link)
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/06/03/revealed_beyond_top_secret_british_intelligence_middleeast_internet_spy_base/

“Above-top-secret details of Britain’s covert surveillance programme – including the location of a clandestine British base tapping undersea cables in the Middle East – have so far remained secret, despite being leaked by fugitive NSA sysadmin Edward Snowden. Government pressure has meant that some media organisations, despite being in possession of these facts, have declined to reveal them. Today, however, the Register publishes them in full.”

4. GCHQ-NSA: There’s No Good Reason for Spy Agencies to Snoop on Humanitarian Groups (Slate, link)
http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2014/05/22/nsa_gchq_spying_on_humanitarian_groups_like_unicef_medecins_du_monde.html

5. GERMANY-US-NSA: Germany Begins Inquiry of U.S. in Surveillance Case (New York Times, link)
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/05/world/europe/germany-begins-inquiry-of-us-in-surveillance-case.html?_r=1

Germany opens inquiry into claims NSA tapped Angela Merkel’s phone (Guardian, link)
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/04/germany-inquiry-nsa-tapping-angela-merkel-phone/print

6. GCHQ-NSA: DATA SURVEILLANCE: Expert opinion from Douwe Korff, Emeritus Professor of International Law, prepared for the Committee of Inquiry of the Bundestag into the “5EYES” global surveillance systems revealed by Edward Snowden: Full text (pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/snowden-korff-expert-opinion-bundestag-June-2014.pdf

Summary (pdf): http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/jun/snowden-korff-expert-opinion-bundestag-June-summary-2014.pdf

“This paper seeks to provide answers to the questions put to me by the Committee of Inquiry, under the heading “’Leitfragen’ für die Sachverständigengutachten – Anhörung 3, Teil 2 – Rechtslage Völker- und Europarecht”…In addressing the questions, I have tried to be systematic, distinguishing between different areas of (international) law, and between subjects of the law involved, substantive standards and remedies (both individual and inter-state).”

7.  USA: NSA:DATA SURVEILLANCE: FISA Amendment Bill 2014 as it stands in May 2014 (pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/usa-fisa-amend-draft.pdf

amending Foreign Intelligence Security Act 2008 (pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/usa-fisa-2008.pdf

amending FISA 1978 (pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/apr/usa-fisa-1978.pdf

See also: A Surveillance Bill That Falls Short (New York Times, link) 
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/23/opinion/a-surveillance-bill-that-falls-short.html?hp&rref=opinion&_r=0

And: What does GCHQ know about our devices that we don’t? (PI, link)
https://www.privacyinternational.org/blog/what-does-gchq-know-about-our-devices-that-we-dont

8. USA: NSA: The Bahamas Wants to Know Why the NSA is Recording Its Phone Calls (The Intercept, link):  
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2014/05/20/bahamas-wants-know-nsa-recording-phone-calls/

and also: Fine Line Seen in U.S. Spying on Companies (New York Times, link)
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/21/business/us-snooping-on-companies-cited-by-china.html?hpw&rref=world&_r=0

9.  USA-NSA: DATA SURVEILLANCE: Data Pirates of the Caribbean: The NSA Is Recording Every Cell Phone Call in the Bahamas (The Intercept, link):
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/article/2014/05/19/data-pirates-caribbean-nsa-recording-every-cell-phone-call-bahamas/

“SOMALGET is part of a broader NSA program called MYSTIC, which The Intercept has learned is being used to secretly monitor the telecommunications systems of the Bahamas and several other countries, including Mexico, the Philippines, and Kenya. But while MYSTIC scrapes mobile networks for so-called “metadata” – information that reveals the time, source, and destination of calls – SOMALGET is a cutting-edge tool that enables the NSA to vacuum up and store the actual content of every conversation in an entire country.”

And see: NSA to test legal limits on surveillance if USA Freedom Act becomes law (Guardian, link)
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/19/nsa-surveillance-limits-usa-freedom-act/print

10 EU: EU-USA: DATA SURVEILLANCE: European Parliament: LIBE Committee Inquiry: Electronic Mass Surveillance of EU Citizens: Proceedings, Outcome and Background documents: (140 pages, pdf) Full summary and documents of the Inquiry. 
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/ep-LIBE-Inquiry-NSA-Surveillance.pdf

And see: Statewatch Observatory (June 2013 – ongoing): EU-UK-GCHQ-USA-NSA: Data surveillance
http://www.statewatch.org/eu-usa-data-surveillance.htm

11. UK-GCHQ: DATA SURVEILLANCE: GCHQ’s spy malware operation faces legal challenge – Privacy International claims development of programs that remotely hijack computer cameras and microphones is illegal (Guardian, link): 
http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/may/13/gchq-spy-malware-programme-legal-challenge-privacy-international/print

See: Privacy International challenges GCHQ’s unlawful hacking of computers, mobile phones (PI link)
https://www.privacyinternational.org/press-releases/privacy-international-challenges-gchqs-unlawful-hacking-of-computers-mobile-phones

and Full-text of complaint (link)
https://www.privacyinternational.org/sites/privacyinternational.org/files/downloads/press-releases/pi_hacking_case_grounds.pdf

And: David Miranda allowed to appeal against ruling on Heathrow detention – Partner of former Guardian reporter to challenge high court ruling on legality of his detention under counter-terrorism powers (Guardian, link)
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/15/david-miranda-appeal-high-court-ruling-detention-heathrow/print

12. UK-USA: Washington spends £200m creating intelligence hub in Britain (Independent, link):
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/washington-spends-200m-creating-intelligence-hub-in-britain-9391406.html

“Washington is to spend almost £200m to turn one of its British military bases – already implicated in mass surveillance and drone strikes – into one of its largest intelligence hubs outside the mainland United States. RAF Croughton, a US Air Force (USAF) base near Milton Keynes, which has a direct cable link to Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) at Cheltenham, is to be the site for an ultra-secure intelligence centre staffed by up to 1,250 personnel and covering operations in Africa, a current focus for US counterterrorism activities….. 

Once complete in 2017, the facility will be comparable in number of personnel and operational importance to RAF Menwith Hill, the National Security Agency (NSA) listening station in North Yorkshire. Like Menwith Hill, it is likely to be co-staffed with representatives of British intelligence, including GCHQ.”

13. UK: Statewatch analysis: GCHQ is authorised to “spy on the world” but the UK Interception of Communications Commissioner says this is OK as it is “lawful” (pdf) by Tony Bunyan: http://www.statewatch.org/analyses/no-244-gchq-intercept-commissioner.pdf

This analysis finds that UK “law” allows security and intelligence agencies to “lawfully spy on the world”, a problem compounded by the agencies’ use of new technologies to act outside of their legal powers. This analysis also questions whether the Interception Commissioner is capable of providing effective oversight of state surveillance activities.

14. USA: DATA SURVEILLANCE: Everyone is under surveillance now, says whistleblower Edward Snowden (Guardian, link)
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/03/everyone-is-under-surveillance-now-says-whistleblower-edward-snowden

“The US intelligence whistleblower Edward Snowden has warned that entire populations, rather than just individuals, now live under constant surveillance. ‘It’s no longer based on the traditional practice of targeted taps based on some individual suspicion of wrongdoing,’ he said. ‘It covers phone calls, emails, texts, search history, what you buy, who your friends are, where you go, who you love.'”

15. UK-USA: DATA SURVEILLANCE: New ‘revealed documents’ from freesnowden.is on 2012 London Olympics:

PRISM Operations Highlight: Olympics Support – GCHQ Using PRISM Access (pdf) This slide from a presentation on PRISM describes access granted to GCHQ employees during the 2012 London Olympics: http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/nsa-prism-olympics.pdf

Identifier Lead Triage with ECHOBASE (pdf):
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/nsa-ghostmachine-echobase.pdf

This SIGDEV presentation dated June 2012 describes techniques for filtering very large datasets through the cloud-based GHOSTMACHINE framework. Cooperation between NSA and GCHQ during the 2012 London Olympics – the “Olympic Option” – is used as a case study 

16. UK-USA: DATA SURVEILLANCE: British Spy Chiefs Secretly Begged to Play in NSA’s Data Pools (The Intercept, link)
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/article/2014/04/30/gchq-prism-nsa-fisa-unsupervised-access-snowden/

“Britain’s electronic surveillance agency, Government Communications Headquarters, has long presented its collaboration with the National Security Agency’s massive electronic spying efforts as proportionate, carefully monitored, and well within the bounds of privacy laws. But according to a top-secret document in the archive of material provided to The Intercept by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden, GCHQ secretly coveted the NSA’s vast troves of private communications and sought “unsupervised access” to its data as recently as last year – essentially begging to feast at the NSA’s table while insisting that it only nibbles on the occasional crumb.”

See: Visit précis: Sir Iain Lobban, KCMG, CB Director, Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) 30 April 2013 – 1 May 2013 (pdf)
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/may/nsa-gchq-lobban-visit.pdf

17. NORWAY: INTELLIGENCE GATHERING: NIS aquires supercomputer: It´s codenamed Steelwinter and is part of a 100 million dollar investment program. The supercomputer will crack heavy cryptology and analyze the vast amounts of data Norwegian Inteligence Service (NIS) collects (Dagbladet Nyheter, link):http://www.dagbladet.no/2014/04/26/nyheter/snowden_i_norge/edward_snowden/nsa/etterretningstjenesten/32991102/

“The Norwegian military intelligence service collects vast amounts of signal intelligence, known as «sigint». In Afghanistan alone NIS collected 33 million registrations from telecommunication during 30 days around Christmas 2012, according to their own revelations. Additionally they listen to satellites and radio communication in our own region. The listening post in Vardø, close to the Russian-Norwegian border at the top of Europe, is basically a giant ear eastward.

NIS sources states that the purpose of the acquisition is to analyze large amounts of data and find the needles they’re looking for in the haystacks. They also want to do more of this work in Norway. As it is now, and has been in the past, large amounts of data is being sent to the NSA to be analyzed there.”

See also: NSA Intelligence relationship with Norway (pdf):
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2014/apr/DagbladetDecensor.pdf

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Database, over 29,000 items: http://database.statewatch.org/search.asp
Statewatch European Monitoring & Documentation Centre on Jutice and Home Affairs in the EU: http://www.statewatch.org/semdoc/
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