PAMBAZUKA AFRICA NEWS 476 1 April, 2010: BETWEEN PATRIARCHY, PORNOGRAPHY AND PLEASURE

Today’s Topics:

1. Pambazuka News 476: Between patriarchy, pornography and pleasure (Pambazuka Editor)
2. Pambazuka News 476: Links & Resources (Pambazuka Editor)

The authoritative electronic weekly newsletter and platform for social justice in Africa

Pambazuka News (English edition): ISSN 1753-6839

CONTENTS: 1. Features, 2. Announcements, 3. Comment & analysis, 4. Pan-African Postcard, 5. Advocacy & campaigns, 6. Books & arts, 7. Letters & Opinions, 8. African Writers’ Corner, 9. Blogging Africa, 10. Emerging powers in Africa Watch, 11. Highlights French edition

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Highlights from this issue

Dear Readers,

We are taking a short one-week break to recharge our batteries.

We’ll be back fighting for freedom and justice on 15 April. We take
this opportunity to wish you all the best for the holiday weekend.

Thank you to you all for your support and for the excellent
contributions to Pambazuka News. Keep them coming!

Editors

FEATURES
– Kavinya Makau and Zawadi Nyong’o: Between patriachy, pornography and pleasure
– Beverly Bell: ‘Our bodies are shaking now’: Rape in Haiti
– Mphutlane wa Bofelo: Immodesty, Islam and the gender equity movement
– Vijay Prashad: Bad aid: Throw your arms around the world
– Yash Tandon: ‘Impose an embargo on the EPA talks’
+ more

ANNOUNCEMENTS
– Marcelino Dos Santos to launch ‘Africa’s Liberation: The Legacy of Nyerere’
– Second Julius Nyerere Intellectual Festival Week (12’15 April 2010)

COMMENT & ANALYSIS
– Ayanda Kota: Malema’s manipulation and distortion of history
+ more

PAN AFRICAN POSTCARD
– Horace Campbell: Health reform, US style
+ more

ADVOCACY & CAMPAIGNS
– Angola: Solidarity and support to victims of demolitions and evictions grows

BOOKS & ARTS
– Sokari Ekine: Talking about an ‘SMS Uprising’
– Zawadi Nyong’o: ‘When I dare to be powerful’: Supporting sex workers’ rights

EMERGING POWERS IN AFRICA WATCH
– Peter Bossard: China: Not the rogue dam builder after all’
+ more

1 Features

BETWEEN PATRIACHY, PORNOGRAPHY AND PLEASURE
Sexuality discourses in Africa
Kavinya Makau and Zawadi Nyong’o
‘Mention sex in most places on the African continent and you are
likely to be met with questioning glances. Venture into speaking about
controversial sexual rights and you are likely to cause a furore.’ But
if we are to deal effectively with the HIV/AIDS pandemic, these are
issues we need to think about, whether we consider them vile or not,
argue Kavinya Makau and Zawadi Nyong’o, in their report on critical
issues raised at a recent conference on sexual health and rights.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/63525
******

‘OUR BODIES ARE SHAKING NOW’
Rape follows earthquake in Haiti
Beverly Bell
Haiti’s earthquake has left women and children in the country highly
vulnerable to rape and violence. Beverly Bell gives an account of this
vulnerability and of the relentless work of KOFAVIV (Commission of
Women Victim-to-Victim), a grassroots anti-violence group in Haiti, to
prevent and protect women and children against rape and violence. Bell
depicts the hostile environment that KOFAVIV is working in ‘ one in
which police and aid and relief groups are either less than willing to
help or have limited resources. Furthermore, Bell points out that
KOFAVIV members’ advocacy has ‘come at a price’: Their daughters,
their families and they are being personally targeted for their work.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/63492
******

IMMODESTY, ISLAM AND THE GENDER EQUITY MOVEMENT
Mphutlane wa Bofelo
Muslims who condemn women’s rights and gender equity often ignore the
validity and legitimacy of the many issues feminism addresses, even
though a number of the causes are compatible with the Islamic call
towards justice for all, writes Mphutlane wa Bofelo. The usual message
from the pulpit is that ‘Islam provides rights to women, but it is men
who dispense these rights’, says wa Bofelo. It seems, however, that
for many males ‘modesty and chastity has little to do with God and the
integrity of the individual but a lot to do with controlling women’s
body, voice and movement’.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/63581
******

THE POPE AND THE PAEDOPHILIA SCANDAL
Gado
Gado’s latest cartoon considers the practicalities of putting the Pope on trial.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/63497
******

BAD AID: THROW YOUR ARMS AROUND THE WORLD
Vijay Prashad
Reflecting on the background to Ethiopia’s 1984 famine and the global
media’s portrayal of an ‘icon of misery’, Vijay Prashad revisits the
broader geopolitical context behind the country’s repeated bouts of
food insecurity during the period. If Haiti, as a contemporary
equivalent, is to be able to offer prosperity to its people, then the
current momentum behind raising aid needs to be harnessed to cancel
the country’s iniquitous debt, Prashad stresses, as part of a broader
global transformation of economic relations envisaged under
initiatives such as the 1973 United Nations new international economic
order (NIEO).
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/63495
******

‘IMPOSE AN EMBARGO ON THE EPA TALKS’
An interview with Yash Tandon
Patricia Handley
Ugandan political economist Yash Tandon has added his voice to the
call for a moratorium on the negotiations between African countries
and the European Union (EU) on the trade deals known as economic
partnership agreements (EPAs). This follows the call by Ablass’
Ouedraogo, former minister of foreign affairs of Burkina Faso and
former deputy director of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), that the
EPA negotiations between West Africa and the EU should be suspended.
Patricia Handley speaks to Yash Tandon about ‘the destructive course’
of EPAs.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/63586
******

ETHIOPIA: THE ABCS OF STEALING AN ELECTION
Alemayehu G. Mariam
A recent report by the Carter Center’s observer mission to Ethiopia’s
2005 national elections provides a unique academic opportunity to
learn how an election is stolen, writes Alemayehu G. Mariam. But
carrying out the perfect theft is not a task for the faint of heart,
says Mariam. Beyond the essential qualities of cunning, audacity and
brutality, Mariam shares here the five basic principles an
accomplished thief will need to understand, master and apply in order
to ‘steal an election in broad daylight’.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/63526
******

‘DARK HEART OF THE NIGHT’: A FOREWORD FULL OF LIES
L’onora Miano
Author of ‘L’int’rieur de la nuit’, L’onora Miano, expresses her
profound disagreement with both the content and the inclusion of a
foreword by Terese Svoboda in the University of Nebraska Press edition
of her book: ‘Let’s say it frankly,’ she says, ‘it’s full of lies’.
Highlighting specific errors, Miano undermines the foreword point by
point and demands that University of Nebraska Press withdraw it.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/63486
******

2 Announcements

MARCELINO DOS SANTOS TO LAUNCH ‘AFRICA’S LIBERATION: THE LEGACY OF NYERERE’
Pambazuka Press is delighted to announce that Marcelino Dos Santos,
Mozambiquan poet, revolutionary and founder of FRELIMO (Mozambican
Liberation Front) will launch ‘Africa’s Liberation: The Legacy of
Nyerere’ ( fahamubooks.org/book/’GCOI=90638100929850 ) , edited
by Chambi Chachage and Annar Cassam, at the Second Julius Nyerere
Intellectual Festival Week (12-15 April 2010).
******

SECOND JULIUS NYERERE INTELLECTUAL FESTIVAL WEEK (12’15 APRIL 2010)
Second Julius Nyerere Intellectual Festival Week (
udadisi.blogspot.com/2009/04/glimpse-of-julius-nyerere-intellectual.html
)

Nkrumah Hall ‘ University of Dar es Salaam

– A week of reflections on the 1967 Arusha Declaration
– Hon. Ms Samia Nkrumah will be the guest of honour. She will deliver
a lecture on ‘Reflections on Osagyefo: Dr Kwame Nkrumah’s Pan-African
vision’
– Distinguished 2010 Nyerere lecturer Professor Samir Amin will
deliver lectures on ‘Crisis of capitalism and imperialism’ and
‘Exiting from capitalism in crisis: Initiatives in the global South’
– Interactive dialogues on ‘The Arusha declaration and socialism and
rural development’
– Professor Utsa Patnaik will speak on ‘The agrarian question in the
neoliberal era’
– Marcelino Dos Santos, Mozambiquan poet, revolutionary and founder of
FRELIMO will launch ‘Africa’s Liberation: The Legacy of Nyerere’ (
fahamubooks.org/book/’GCOI=90638100929850 )
– The premier of the documentary ‘Walter Anthony Rodney Stories’
– Music, songs and poems by famous performers
******

3 Comment & analysis

MALEMA’S MANIPULATION AND DISTORTION OF HISTORY
We must all stand up and tell the truth in Malema’s realm of lies
Ayanda Kota
Unemployed People’s Movement

Julius Malema’s distortion of history, says Ayanda Kota, ‘is a key
characteristic of authoritarian regimes’. The ‘fact that the ANC has
now descended to this level,’ Kota adds, ‘is a very serious warning
sign about where this country is going.’ While the call for
nationalisation in a socialist context would be a call for
‘socialisation’, in the current pro-capitalist South African context,
the call for nationalisation is a call for increasing the elite’s
plunder, Kota argues.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/63529
******

WHITHER THE SHINE IN NAMIBIA’S PEACE, DEMOCRACY AND DEVELOPMENT’
Tangeni Amupadhi
Supporting Henning Melber’s arguments against the motion (
pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/63305 ) ,
‘This House believes that Namibia is a shining example of
post-colonial peace, democracy, and development’, were those of
Tangeni Amupadhi. Amupadhi paints a picture of a controlling ruling
elite, fearful of losing hold of power: ‘In Namibia this day, dogma
has replaced rationality.’
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/63499
******

4 Pan-African Postcard

HEALTH REFORM, US STYLE
Horace Campbell
US President Obama has signed into law a historic bill to extend
medical care to 94 per cent of US citizens, adding another 32 million
people to the healthcare system. But these reforms, heavily influenced
by corporate interests, will not help the poor, argues Horace
Campbell. In a society that sees health as a privilege rather than a
right, the bill is only the start of the fight for universal
healthcare, Campbell writes.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/panafrican/63528
******

ENDOROIS GET THEIR LAND BACK ‘ WHAT ABOUT YOU’
L. Muthoni Wanyeki
Following the African Commission’s ruling in favour of Endorois claims
on ancestral land lost during the Kenyatta regime, L. Muthoni Wanyeki
argues that this success represents an important precedent and ‘lays
the ground for the slow process of renegotiating our very country’.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/panafrican/63494
******

5 Advocacy & campaigns

ANGOLA: SOLIDARITY AND SUPPORT TO VICTIMS OF DEMOLITIONS AND EVICTIONS GROWING
Civil society organisations are making public, worldwide, a
communication by the Provincial Government of Benguela (Angola) that
banned the demonstration that would take place in Benguela, last
Thursday (March 25th), against the brutal demolitions and forced
evictions that have become a regular occurrence in major cities and
rural communities in Angola.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/advocacy/63478
******

ICC SHOULD OFFER PROTECTION TO HRDS IN KENYA
EHAHRD
A pre-trial chamber of the International Criminal Court (ICC) has
authorised the opening of formal investigations into the post-election
violence in Kenya; the East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders
Project (EHAHRDP) is however concerned that the ICC has not yet
implemented measures necessary to ensure the protection of human
rights defenders (HRDs) involved in the forthcoming investigation. In
a policy brief sent to the ICC Registrar today EHAHRDP therefore
called on Court to put in place a protection strategy for HRDs, as key
intermediaries, immediately.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/advocacy/63500
******

EHAHRDP: MAY 2010 UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL ELECTIONS
The East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project (EHAHRDP)
urges the African Heads of State to seize the opportunity of the
forthcoming May 2010 Council elections to ensure that the African
group encourages the states from Africa with a human rights record of
the ‘highest standard’ to run for election, in line with the spirit of
UN General Assembly Resolution 60/251 creating the Council.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/advocacy/63561
******

6 Books & arts

TALKING ABOUT AN ‘SMS UPRISING’
Interview
Sokari Ekine
Pambazuka News talks to Sokari Ekine, editor of ‘SMS Uprising: Mobile
Activism in Africa’. She discusses the role of technology in creating
social change and asserts that technology’s role is as a tool; it
cannot facilitate change on its own: ‘the driving force behind social
change is ideas and the search for solutions and easier ways of doing
things… Technologies are not developed in isolation to the
political, social and economic structures in which we live. They are a
reflection of these…’
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/books/63470
******

WHEN I DARE TO BE POWERFUL
Supporting sex workers’ rights
Zawadi Nyong’o
Akina Mama wa Afrika has published a ‘transformational’ new book ‘When
I Dare to Be Powerful’, a collection of herstories of five women
engaged in sex work in East Africa. Its author Zawadi Nyong’o shares
the surprised reaction of audiences at the launch of the book, during
the 4th Africa Conference on Sexual Health and Rights, which took
place in Addis Ababa in February.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/books/63532
******

7 Letters & Opinions

FREEDOM BIRTHDAY REMEMBRANCE FOR MUMIA ABU JAMAL
Mumia Abu Jamal’s birthday is on April 24 and ‘we would like to
celebrate the whole month of April with a gigantic Freedom Birthday
Remembrance for him’, write his friends and family. Please join all
who love and admire Mumia by avalanching him through the month of
April with birthday wishes. ‘Mumia has already done 32 years and is
still on death row because of prosecutorial misconduct. Yet he is
innocent! Act now before it is too late.’
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/letters/63546
******

RESIDENCY OPPORTUNITY FOR A HAITIAN WRITER
Judith Bowman
Robey Theatre Company
The Robey Theatre Company is interested in offering a short-term
writing residency to an emerging writer with permanent residency in
Haiti, writes Judith Bowman.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/letters/63542
******

STILL FIGHTING FOR FREEDOM
A response to ‘South Africa’s forgotten intellectuals’ by Marion Grammer
Z. Pallo Jordan
Z. Pallo Jordan asks whether Marion Grammer’s claims about the role
played by Non-European Unity Movement (NEUM) in South Africa’s
liberation are ‘not a little extravagant”
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/letters/63531
******

8 African Writers’ Corner

LOST ZION, BROKEN DREAMS
Amira Ali
Naked tracings worn thin of he
who walked miles in thousands of
shoes filled with sorrow,
shoe marks worn away
where he encamped
and where he alighted
on earth that tells the years passed
since the months of peace
gone, to months of what is now,
shoes that speak of dreams in the
West of when paradise was near;

to meet his lover of a far, he
left during the long nights that
desires to go where
the soul withdraws to its home,
to fly forgotten as a dream,
to cover the past with space
he sails on a small boat
in a sea so immense
that transports
dreams after dreams.

Night putting its shadow aside
for soles of the feet to cross
the river to Zion,
the boat awaits to take its guest
to a place of dreams of love, inside
left all; deserting a conduit and heaps
to travel with 7 oceans and
hundreds of millions of stars
swinging; to walk with a million suns
that light up the day
of whole rivers of light,

to swim, in seas of love waves
that shields pain,
to make blankets of dark sand;
sandcastles that shield,
to receive quiet nights
and mornings
that call songs of birds
that sings for souls of dreams,
and he, infix’t
to be one with dreams he becomes
one with everything around,
laughing only to the sky.

Unbending on dreams
he, dwells amid the stocks
of ruins of stone-walls
heading where the imagination
broke in, his entire sky
taken up by
a journey full of unawareness,
continuing; alighted by the affection
of Zion,
he remains a prisoner of his dream
captive to a world beyond knowing.

In the wide-of-eyes
on an open terrain he journeyed
for the love of Zion,
strung out along the route
chased, shadows of hope closing in
crying to his fears,
speaking with the deaf;
the unexpressed rocks,
befriending sands
that speaks of time.

Time that brings out his eclipse
of a spirit of unsullied lucid dreams
of mysteries of Zion,
in silence to join its silent secret place,
he sifts through the current of air
swamped by rains of a night traveler
flowing dark and under, he
enwrapped in every kind of cloud
passing the night
to join the cleared morning
of pearls of the great sky,
to witness nights of dark and under.

Unbroken, he continued
to brake past bonds
to make new ones
on the eastern slopes
to join with Zion,
and even in far holding on
to not brake the bonds of desire
he, pushed by the north winds
to what is the southern tip
of the north Afrik to that
of the northern terrain
of the Bilad as Sudan,

crossing to trade life for what
seemed not death
beyond flutes
of Sudanese tunes,
escaped eternal rest to bathe
in the Nile
to wash blood with sparks of gold,
black dust of the body
walked a mile in cracked
earth to find the feet reluctantly
stuck in cracks of xylophonic tunes of life.

A spirit of unsullied lucid dreams,
mysteries of Zion he meets,
one moment his life a stone
the next
a meet’ng of the land of his lovers;
to be embraced by ashes, cold winds
and blackened hearts of stones
of Zion,
oh closeness to life, hardness of life
to what is now
that grief’d him through journeys,

to at last, to have met his land of lovers
but to be met with phantoms
that creep around
that sting and bring droplets;
each drop for the lost dreams
of Zion;
deceived dreams that makes the heart
brew trouble and anguish,
the departure of paradise
the loss of a longed lover,

his Zion,
aching his heart of a dream
once promised and now lost,
of a friend she may have been
but even she could not keep
her promise to him,
for a well-meant word
could not be taken by she,
a friend he once called;

his heart weeps with no end
for the one he knows
and only loves,
others of a life to come;
more to come
to meet and to attest and
to have to turn their backs, and he,
the aloneness of the deluded soul
broken’n
fades into the distance
kept in the shadows of Zion.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/African_Writers/63493
******

9 Blogging Africa

PARADIGM SHIFT FOR THE AFRICAN DIASPORA
Dibussi Tande
This week’s review of African blogs includes a call to reexamine links
between Africa and its diaspora, a lament about technology’s negative
impact on the Kenyan blogosphere, Ghana’s first indigenous language
blog and Kenya’s very own superhero, Makmende.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/blog/63491
******

10 Emerging powers in Africa Watch

CHINA: NOT THE ROGUE DAM BUILDER AFTER ALL’
Peter Bosshard
A few years ago, Chinese dam builders and financiers appeared on the
global hydropower market with a bang. China Exim Bank and companies
such as Sinohydro started to take on large, destructive projects in
countries like Sudan and Burma, which had been shunned by the
international community. Their emergence threatened to roll back
progress regarding human rights and the environment which civil
society had achieved over many years. But new evidence suggests that
Chinese dam builders and financiers are trying to become good
corporate citizens rather than rogue players on the global market,
writes Peter Bossard.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/africa_china/63527
******

DRC: CHINESE INVESTMENT IN KATANGA
Johanna Jansson
Johanna Jansson looks at the implications of Chinese market-driven
engagement for the DRC, with a focus on investment in Katanga’s mining
sector. Contrary to popular perception, says Jansson, there are no
direct links between Chinese government-led engagement with the DRC
and the market-seeking activities of private Chinese entrepreneurs in
the country. If Chinese investments are to have a positive impact on
development in the area, says Jansson, adherence to regulatory
frameworks has to be radically improved, both by investors and by
Katangese civil servants.
www.pambazuka.org/en/category/africa_china/63573
******

11 Highlights French edition

PAMBAZUKA NEWS 140 : DES BASES POUR UN D’BAT SUR L’HOMOSEXUALIT’ AU S’N’GAL
Environnement social des MSM au S’n’gal (
pambazuka.org/fr/category/features/63448 )
Magatte Mbodj Gu’ye et Madick’ Diagne

Comment discuter sans passion de l’homosexualit’ au S’n’gal (
www.pambazuka.org/fr/category/features/63447 )
Innocent Laison

Un leader MSM s’n’galais juge : ‘ On avait des acquis qu’on risque de
perdre ‘ ( pambazuka.org/fr/category/features/63450 )
Magatte Mbodj Gu’ye et Madick’ Diagne

Nigeria : Violence entre chr’tiens et musulmans, ou violence entre
‘leveurs Peuls et agriculteurs Beroms ‘ (
pambazuka.org/fr/category/comment/63452 )
Maurice Oudet
******

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ISSN 1753-6839

PAMBAZUKA NEWS 476: LINKS & RESOURCES

The authoritative electronic weekly newsletter and platform for social
justice in Africa

Pambazuka News (English edition): ISSN 1753-6839

CONTENTS: 1. Announcements, 2. Zimbabwe update, 3. Women & gender, 4.
Human rights, 5. Refugees & forced migration, 6. Social movements, 7.
Africa labour news, 8. Emerging powers news, 9. Elections &
governance, 10. Corruption, 11. Development, 12. Health & HIV/AIDS,
13. Education, 14. LGBTI, 15. Environment, 16. Land & land rights, 17.
Food Justice, 18. Media & freedom of expression, 19. Conflict &
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Highlights from this issue

ANNOUNCEMENTS: Fahamu Pan-African diary 2011: Call for entries
ZIMBABWE UPDATE: Electoral and human rights commissions sworn in
WOMEN & GENDER: South African men battle gender-based violence
CONFLICT AND EMERGENCIES: LRA rampage kills 321
HUMAN RIGHTS: Egypt’s death sentences rise with poverty
REFUGEES AND FORCED MIGRATION: Fahamu launches new refugee newsletter
EMERGING POWERS NEWS: Emerging powers news roundup
SOCIAL MOVEMENTS: Launch of CSO Net
AFRICA LABOUR NEWS: Angolan building firms lay off thousands
ELECTIONS AND GOVERNANCE: Sudan’s rigged elections
HEALTH & HIV/AIDS: Scientists in sleeping sickness breakthrough
CORRUPTION: SA government lacks resources to fight corruption
DEVELOPMENT: Growth down, unemployment up in Africa
EDUCATION: : Kenya’s primary education under the gun
LGBTI: Dr. Shock must be brought to book
ENVIRONMENT: Over 110 nations back Copenhagen climate deal
LAND & LAND RIGHTS: Farmland leases threaten to drive conflict
FOOD JUSTICE: More food, except for that billion or so
MEDIA AND FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION: IFJ condemns VOA jamming
INTERNET & TECHNOLOGY: Direct date on demand in Uganda
ENEWSLETTERS & MAILING LISTS: AfricaFocus Bulletin: South Africa:
Somali-led peace processes
PLUS: jobs, fundraising & useful resources, publications, courses,
seminars and workshops

*Pambazuka News now has a Del.icio.us page, where you can view the
various websites that we visit to keep our fingers on the pulse of
Africa! Visit del.icio.us/pambazuka_news

1 Announcements

MARCELINO DOS SANTOS TO LAUNCH ‘AFRICA’S LIBERATION: THE LEGACY OF NYERERE’

Pambazuka Press is delighted to announce that Marcelino Dos Santos,
Mozambiquan poet, revolutionary and founder of FRELIMO (Mozambican
Liberation Front) will launch ‘Africa’s Liberation: The Legacy of
Nyerere’ ( fahamubooks.org/book/’GCOI=90638100929850 ), edited
by Chambi Chachage and Annar Cassam, at the Second Julius Nyerere
Intellectual Festival Week (12-15 April 2010).

******

SECOND JULIUS NYERERE INTELLECTUAL FESTIVAL WEEK (12’15 APRIL 2010)

Second Julius Nyerere Intellectual Festival Week (
udadisi.blogspot.com/2009/04/glimpse-of-julius-nyerere-intellectual.html
)

Nkrumah Hall ‘ University of Dar es Salaam

– A week of reflections on the 1967 Arusha Declaration
– Hon. Ms Samia Nkrumah will be the guest of honour. She will deliver
a lecture on ‘Reflections on Osagyefo: Dr Kwame Nkrumah’s Pan-African
vision’
– Distinguished 2010 Nyerere lecturer Professor Samir Amin will
deliver lectures on ‘Crisis of capitalism and imperialism’ and
‘Exiting from capitalism in crisis: Initiatives in the global South’
– Interactive dialogues on ‘The Arusha declaration and socialism and
rural development’
– Professor Utsa Patnaik will speak on ‘The agrarian question in the
neoliberal era’
– Marcelino Dos Santos, Mozambiquan poet, revolutionary and founder of
FRELIMO will launch ‘Africa’s Liberation: The Legacy of Nyerere’ (
fahamubooks.org/book/’GCOI=90638100929850 )
– The premier of the documentary ‘Walter Anthony Rodney Stories’
– Music, songs and poems by famous performers

******

2 Zimbabwe update

ELECTORAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSIONS SWORN IN

zimbabwejournalists.com/story.php’art_id=6544&cat=1

President Robert Mugabe swore in members of electoral and human rights
commissions on Wednesday, a step toward fully implementing his
power-sharing agreement with rival Morgan Tsvangirai. “I think what is
important is that we are able to fulfill some of the agreements,”
Tsvangirai said after the swearing-in ceremony, according to state
news agency New Ziana.

******

GALLERY MANAGER AND ARTIST ARRESTED OVER GUKURAHUNDI EXHIBITION

www.swradioafrica.com/news260310/gallery260310.htm

A well known artist Owen Maseko and Voti Thebe, the person in charge
of the Bulawayo National Arts Gallery, were arrested last Friday, a
day after they launched an exhibition of provocative paintings about
the Gukurahundi era.

******

3 Women & gender

SOUTH AFRICA: MEN BATTLE GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE

www.ipsnews.net/news.asp’idnews=50853

When Mbuyiselo Botha decided to take the African National Congress
League President, Julius Malema, to court for hate speech against
women, he was confident from the start that the case had merit. But he
also knew that this would be the most challenging test of his 15 years
of gender activism.

******

SOUTH AFRICA: TEACHING GIRLS TO REPORT ON THE WORLD CUP

ipsnews.net/newsTVE.asp’idnews=50869

For the nearly 50 million people of South Africa, the 2010 World Cup
represents an opportunity to show the world its progress through
sports. But for a new nonprofit organisation, soccer’s biggest stage
also offers an opportunity to publicise young women who tend to go
unheard.

******

SOUTHERN AFRICA: DRUG DEALERS USING WOMEN AHEAD OF WORLD CUP’

What was supposed to be a joyous day turned into a nightmare for one
family, when on Monday morning 1 February, Maria Lungu* arrived at
Lusaka International Airport after a two-month long business trip in
Asia. Joy turned to shock and disbelief when Lungu was caught and
arrested for drug trafficking upon arrival, just meters away from her
anxiously waiting husband, children and other family members.

www.pambazuka.org/en/category/wgender/63481

******

4 Human rights

EGYPT: DEATH SENTENCES RISE WITH POVERTY

www.ipsnews.net/news.asp’idnews=50870

Egyptian courts are handing down death sentences with “alarming
frequency” as the state attempts to use capital punishment to stem
rising crime rates. Over 269 death sentences were imposed in 2009, up
from 86 the previous year. Rights groups say the courts appear to be
acting under government pressure to send a strong message to the
public.

******

GLOBAL: THE RIGHT OF ACCESS TO LAWYERS FOR PERSONS DEPRIVED OF LIBERTY

APT Legal Briefing N’2

tinyurl.com/ygpsc5g

Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
(‘ill-treatment’), in almost all cases, happen in secret. Access to
lawyers, as well as to doctors, and contact with friends or family
members creates a more open detention environment which helps to
prevent torture and other ill-treatment. The right to be protected
from torture and other ill-treatment is a fundamental one from which
no derogation is permitted. This briefing note is intended to outline
the current state of the law in relation to access to legal counsel
promptly after deprivation of liberty as a safeguard against torture
and other ill-treatment.

******

KENYA: ICC JUDGES APPROVE INVESTIGATION

tinyurl.com/yj8pbhm

A majority of a pre-trial chamber of International Criminal Court
(ICC) judges today approved the ICC prosecutor’s request to open an
investigation into Kenya’s 2007 post-election violence, Human Rights
Watch said. The Kenyan inquiry is the first investigation begun by the
prosecutor acting on his own initiative.

******

NIGERIA: SHELL APOLOGIZES FOR HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN NIGER DELTA

shellapologises.com/statement.html

Royal Dutch Shell is holding back the tears no more. Shell apologises
to all inhabitants of Nigeria’s Niger Delta for the many years of
human rights violations, for which Shell takes full responsibility.
Confronted with massive evidence of human rights violations that can
only be attributed to its operations in the Niger Delta, Royal Dutch
Shell is extremely proud to be the first international petrochemical
company to publicly say: We are sorry.

******

SENEGAL: KILLING BABIES TO HIDE INDISCRETION

www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx’ReportId=88642

In Senegal women who become pregnant outside of marriage – their
husbands living abroad – commonly kill their babies out of fear and
shame. Husbands’ absence is one of many factors contributing to
infanticide in Senegal, where many young women with unwanted
pregnancies see eliminating the child as their only option,
authorities and researchers say. Abortion is illegal in Senegal and
clandestine abortion is also common.

******

SOUTH AFRICA: INFORMAL TRADER’S DREAMS SHATTERED

Informal traders’ hopes of making huge profits during the upcoming
World Cup tourist influx were shattered last week when they were
ordered to vacate Park Station, a key transit hub in Johannesburg’s
central business district. Ironically, the incident occurred during
South Africa’s Human Rights Day celebrations; the day South Africa
remembers 69 victims from Sharpeville who died during the protest of
pass laws.

www.pambazuka.org/en/category/rights/63485

******

UGANDA: 400 CHILDREN DIE IN ROAD ACCIDENTS

tinyurl.com/yduwobo

At least 400 children, mostly pedestrians, die in road accidents in
Uganda every year, the Minister of Works and Transport has announced.
46% of those injured road accidents are urban children and it is twice
the percent of falls and burns added together, according to the Injury
Control Centre of Uganda report.

******

ZIMBABWE: TERROR BREAKS OUT IN MUZARABANI

www.swradioafrica.com/news310310/terror310310.htm

There have been numerous reports from human rights organisations and
from the MDC-T of an upsurge of violence in rural areas such as in
Mutasa North, Mudzi, Bindura and Masvingo, by ZANU PF sponsored thugs.
On Wednesday the pressure group Restoration of Human Rights (ROHR)
reported that terror had broken out in Muzarabani, resulting in 16
families fleeing their homes.

******

5 Refugees & forced migration

EGYPT: STILL NO JUSTICE FOR DISPLACED BAHA’I FAMILIES

eipr.org/en/pressrelease/2010/03/31/712

One year after the criminal attacks on Egyptian Baha’is in the village
of Shuraniya in Sohag, the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights
(EIPR) expressed its disappointment at the Public Prosecutor’s failure
to bring the assailants and those who incited the attacks to justice.
For one full year, state authorities have yet to bring justice to the
victims of the attacks or enable Baha’is forcibly removed from their
homes to return

******

FAHAMU LAUNCHES NEW REFUGEE E-NEWSLETTER!

Fahamu’s Refugee Programme ( www.srlan.org/beta/ ) is pleased
to introduce the Fahamu Refugee E-Newsletter, a monthly publication
thataims to provide a forum for providers of refugee legal aid.

With a focus on the major geographical areas in the global South
(Asia, Africa, Latin America, and non-EU Europe), it aims to serve the
needs of legal aid providers as well as raise awareness of refugee
concerns among the wider readership of Pambazuka News.

The E-Newsletter will follow recent developments in the interpretation
of refugee law; case law precedents from other constituencies; reports
and helpful resources for refugee legal aid NGOs; and stories of
struggle and success in refugee legal aid work. It welcomes
contributions from legal aid
providers, refugees, and others interested or involved in refugee legal aid.

* Please send comments to
editor@pambazuka.org or comment online
at Pambazuka News ( www.pambazuka.org/ ) .

******

GLOBAL: CALLS TO END FORCED DEPORTATIONS FOLLOW CUSTODIAL DEATH

ipsnews.net/newsTVE.asp’idnews=50860

Human rights organisations have been demanding an independent inquiry
into the death of a Nigerian asylum seeker died while being deported
and a stop to all forced repatriations. Switzerland’s sixth
deportation flight of 2010, scheduled for the evening of Mar. 17 with
16 Nigerians on board, never took off. Among the prisoners was Alex
Uzowulu, 29, whose asylum claim had been previously rejected.

******

GLOBAL: NEW CANADIAN LAW TO KICK OUT BOGUS REFUGEES

tinyurl.com/ydhd2m3

To throw out bogus refugee claimants, Canada has introduced a new bill
that will usher in a new system within a year. Though Canada accepts
about 260,000 new immigrants each year legally, thousands of people
entering this country on tourist visas or fake papers stay back to
apply for refugee status on grounds of persecution in their home
countries.

******

KENYA: GOVERNMENT TO EXPAND AFRICA’S BIGGEST REFUGEE SETTLEMENT – U.S. OFFICIAL

www.alertnet.org/db/an_art/55866/2010/03/1-131330-1.htm

Kenya will expand Africa’s biggest refugee settlement to accommodate
an additional 80,000 people, relieving severe overcrowding, a top U.S.
official said. Dadaab, a settlement of three camps in northern Kenya,
was designed to house 90,000 refugees but now hosts 270,000 people –
one of the world’s largest concentrations of refugees.

******

SOMALIA: SITUATION OF IDPS “AT ITS WORST” AS AID RUNS OUT

www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx’ReportId=88605

As more aid groups pull out of camps for internally displaced people
(IDPs) and more people flee Mogadishu to escape the violence, the
plight of IDPs is at its most extreme, says a
doctor-turned-relief-worker in Mogadishu. “[Relief] aid is at its
lowest and the need is even greater than at any time,” Hawa Abdi, who
turned her 26ha property into an IDP camp, told IRIN on 29 March.

******

SOUTH AFRICA: ZIMBABWEANS LIVING IN SQUALOR

www.swradioafrica.com/news310310/zimsinsa310310.htm

Hundreds of thousands of Zimbabweans living in South Africa are still
living in desperate squalor, in a country that offers them no official
sanctuary. This is according to a new report released by the
Solidarity Peace Trust, titled: ‘Desperate lives, twilight worlds –
how a million Zimbabweans live without sanction or sanctuary in South
Africa.’ The report released on Wednesday details the dire reality
facing Zimbabwean immigrants who fled their country seeking safety and
work in South Africa, a trend that is still continuing.

******

6 Social movements

LAUNCH OF CSO NET – THE CIVIL SOCIETY NETWORK

With an increasing number of civil society organizations seeking
consultative status with the Economic and Social Council, the NGO
Branch of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
(UNDESA), is increasingly being called upon to engage with these
organizations worldwide on a wide range of issues on the United
Nation’s development agenda. There is now a growing demand from
organizations from both the developed and developing countries to
contribute to the UN’s economic and social agenda, including to the
internationally agreed development goals. In order to facilitate this
engagement and provide a suitable platform for civil society, UNDESA
has launched a knowledge-based, open networking platform called CSO
Net – the Civil Society Network

www.pambazuka.org/en/category/socialmovements/63501

******

7 Africa labour news

ANGOLA: BUILDING FIRMS LAY OFF THOUSANDS ON GOVERNMENT ARREARS

af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFJOE6300L320100401

Thousands of construction workers are being laid off in Angola because
the government has failed to settle over $2 billion in arrears to
foreign firms rebuilding the African nation, a union leader said on
Thursday. Francisco Jacinto, leader of the country’s largest union
CGSILA, said the arrears and a slowdown in the construction sector
were the two main reasons behind the lay-offs.

******

8 Emerging powers news

CHINA LEADS G-20 MEMBERS IN CLEAN ENERGY FINANCE AND INVESTMENT

www.pewtrusts.org/news_room_detail.aspx’id=57972

For the first time, China led the United States and other G-20 members
in 2009 clean energy investments and finance, according to data
released by The Pew Charitable Trusts. Last year, China invested $34.6
billion in the clean energy economy ‘ nearly double the United States’
total of $18.6 billion. Over the last five years, the United States
also trailed five G-20 members (Turkey, Brazil, China, the United
Kingdom, and Italy) in the rate of clean energy investment growth.

******

CHINA MOBILE SAYS INVESTMENT INTEREST IN ASIA, AFRICA

China Mobile, China’s largest mobile operator, is looking at possible
acquisition and investment opportunities in Asia and Africa as profit
growth slows at home, the Wall Street Journal reports, citing the
company’s Chairman and Chief Executive Wang Jianzhou. Meanwhile, Wang
stressed that any expansion through acquisitions would be balanced
with continued investments in its home market because there is still
huge growth potential in mainland China.

www.pambazuka.org/en/category/emplayersnews/63599

******

EAST AFRICA: NUMOBILE ANNOUNCES WIRELESS BROADBAND NETWORK ROLLOUT

NuMobile, Inc. (OTCBB: NUBL) is scheduled to begin work on a project
constructing a wireless broadband network in Nairobi, Kenya next
month. Through the joint project with Greenfield Program Partners
NewMarket Technology, Inc. (PINKSHEETS: NWMT), China Crescent
Enterprises, Inc. (OTCBB: CCTR) and Nova Energy, Inc. (OTCBB: NVAE),
NuMobile will take part in the implementation of the wireless
broadband network, intended to provide a wireless metering capability
to local utility companies.

www.pambazuka.org/en/category/emplayersnews/63600

******

EMERGING POWERS NEWS ROUNDUP

In this week’s roundup of emerging actors news, Africa set to grow by
4.8 percent, Indian and Chinese investors identified as the worst
violators of environmental regulation, South Africa eyes Uganda’s
oilfields, and China and South Africa pledge to upgrade strategic
partnership.

www.pambazuka.org/en/category/emplayersnews/63496

******

SCHOLAR COMMENDS RWANDA-CHINA RELATIONS

A director at the Institute of West Asian & African Studies at Chinese
Academy of Social Sciences, Dr. He Wenping, has hailed the prevailing
good relations between Rwanda and China. Wenping, who is in charge of
African Studies, made the observation while presenting a paper on
China-Africa Relations in the Era of Globalization during a public
lecture at Kigali Institute of Education (KIE).

www.pambazuka.org/en/category/emplayersnews/63601

******

9 Elections & governance

AFRICA: SUDAN’S RIGGED ELECTIONS

www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm’id=6601&l=1

Even as opposition parties threaten a last-minute boycott, Elections
in Darfur and the Consequences of a Probable NCP Victory in Sudan ,
this latest policy briefing from the International Crisis Group,
examines how the National Congress Party (NCP) has manipulated the
2008 census, drafted the election laws in its favour, gerrymandered
electoral districts, co-opted traditional leaders and bought tribal
loyalties. It has done this everywhere in Sudan, but most dramatically
in Darfur, where it has greater freedom and means to carry out its
strategy because of the ongoing conflict.

******

GUINEA-BISSAU: ARMY HEAD ‘SEIZED’

news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/8599070.stm

A group of army officers in Guinea-Bissau is reported to have detained
the chief of staff and the prime minister. Prime Minister Carlos Gomes
Junior was set free after several hours. The whereabouts of President
Malam Bacai Sanha are unknown. Heavily armed troops attempted to gain
access to the UN headquarters, where a former head of the navy had
fled.

******

KENYA: ICC PROSECUTOR TO BEGIN INVESTIGATION

www.youtube.com/watch’v=OhJevNs2s-s

Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the International Criminal Court prosecutor, is
set to begin an investigation into the 2007-08 post-election violence.
He talks to Al Jazeera about how victims and witnesses will be assured
given protection.

******

MAURITIUS: MAURITIAN PM DISSOLVES PARLIAMENT

tinyurl.com/yawjshs

Mauritian Prime Minister, Navin Ramgoolam, on Wednesday evening
announced the dissolution of parliament and the holding of legislative
elections on 5 May. Speaking to journalists, he said the elections
would be ‘a democratic rendez-vous” for the country and praised his
government’s achievements.

******

NIGERIA: ‘ERA OF COUPS IN WEST AFRICA OVER’

tinyurl.com/ycj3ah9

ECOWAS Commission President James Victor Gbeho has decla red that the
‘era of coups is over’ in West Africa, following years of political
instability highlighted by military intervention in the governance of
member states.

******

NIGERIA: SENATE CLEARS 38 MINISTERIAL-NOMINEES

tinyurl.com/yce6xgm

The Nigerian Senate has cleared 38 ministerial nom inees for
appointment into the federal cabinet, paving the way for Acting
President Goodluck Jonathan to sw ear them into office and give them
portfolios. The clearance of the nominees marked the end of three days
of screening by the upper legislative chamber.

******

SUDAN: RULING PARTY ACCUSED OF RIGGING ELECTIONS IN DARFUR

tinyurl.com/ye62vju

An international think tank has accused Sudan’s ruling party of trying
to rig elections in war-torn Darfur region, as the country prepares
for its first multi-party polls in 24 years. The International Crisis
Group said voter registers for the April 11 to 18 polls had been
manipulated, constituencies based on a flawed 2008 census and the
election commission staffed with too many pro-government officials, in
a report released late on Tuesday.

******

WESTERN SAHARA: IMPASSE CONTINUES DESPITE UN DIPLOMACY

tinyurl.com/ychmax9

Talks on the fate of the Western Sahara remained stalled last week as
the UN envoy charged with facilitating diplomacy, Christopher Ross,
wrapped up his regional tour. Ross, whose eight-day visit to Morocco,
Algeria, Mauritania and the Sahrawi camps ended in Algiers on Thursday
(March 25th), said that while concerned parties “stressed their
willingness to pursue the course of negotiations”, their stances
remained far apart.

******

10 Corruption

AFRICA: AFRICA MAY HAVE LOST ‘1TN IN ILLEGAL FLOWS OF MONEY, RESEARCHERS SAY

www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/apr/01/africa-illegal-money-lost

More than ‘1tn may have flowed out of Africa illegally over the last
four decades, most of it to western financial institutions, according
to a new report. Even using conservative estimates, the continent lost
about $1.8tn (‘1.18tn) ‘ meaning Africans living at the end of 2008
had each been deprived of an average of $989 (‘649) since 1970,
according to the US-based research body Global Financial Integrity
(GFI).

******

SOUTH AFRICA: GOVERNMENT LACKS RESOURCES TO FIGHT CORRUPTION

www.afrol.com/articles/35826

The South African office of the Public Protector has more vicious
teeth than anyone ever imagined, but what lacks are the resources to
expedite the duty without hindrance. This is what the newly appointed
public protector in South Africa, Advocate Tuli Madonsela, told the
media yesterday following her consultations that took her and her team
across the breath and width of the country.

******

11 Development

AFRICA: GROWTH DOWN, UNEMPLOYMENT UP

www.ipsnews.net/africa/nota.asp’idnews=50866

Due to the global economic and financial crisis, growth on the African
continent dropped to an average of 1.6 percent in 2009, compared to
4.5 percent in 2008. These figures were announced by Abdoulie Janneh,
executive secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for
Africa (UNECA), at a joint annual conference of the African Union and
UNECA in Malawi’s capital of Lilongwe.

******

EAST AFRICA: UGANDA SAYS WON’T NEED FUEL IMPORTS IN 5 YEARS

af.reuters.com/article/investingNews/idAFJOE6300KN20100401

Uganda expects to stop importing fuel in five years when the east
African nation anticipates to start fully producing petroleum products
from a planned refinery, a senior government official said on
Thursday.

******

GLOBAL: AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH MUST BE TRANSFORMED

tinyurl.com/yakl24d

More than one billion people in the developing world suffer chronic
undernourishment and without radical changes to global agricultural
research systems another billion risk going hungry, says Uma Lele,
writing in Science. At the first Global Conference on Agricultural
Research for Development (GCARD) this week, world leaders in science
and society will gather to organise these crucial changes (see Global
summit seeks to transform agricultural research).

******

GLOBAL: RECOVERY COULD LEAVE BEHIND WORLD’S POOREST

ipsnews.net/newsTVE.asp’idnews=50861

The world’s 49 least developed countries (LDCs), described as the
poorest of the poor, could feel the effects of the global economic
crisis for decades, a senior U.N. official warned this week.
Under-Secretary-General Cheick Sidi Diarra told IPS that if the
international community does not live up to pledges made under
Brussels Programme of Action nearly a decade ago, even the small gains
made during 2000-2008 could be reversed.

******

NIGERIA: ACADEMIES ‘DON’T CONTRIBUTE ENOUGH TO DEVELOPMENT’

tinyurl.com/y92vq2w

The Nigerian government is pushing its national academies to re-align
their priorities following criticisms of their perceived lack of
contribution to sustainable development. The Federal Ministry of
Science and Technology met with the representatives of the five
national academies ‘ the Nigerian Academy of Science, Nigerian Academy
of Engineering, Social Sciences Academy of Nigeria, Nigerian Academy
of Education and Nigerian Academy of Letters ‘ earlier is month (1
March) to address the situation.

******

SOUTHERN AFRICA: SACU TO SPEAK IN ONE TONE ON EPA

tinyurl.com/yzwstfc

After months of varying views on the Economic Partnership Agreement
(EPA), member states of the Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU) have
finally taken a ‘harmonised’ position on the matter when the next
round of negotiations with the European Commission (EC) begins.

******

12 Health & HIV/AIDS

AFRICA: PNEUMOCOCCAL VACCINE WORKS EVEN IN HIV PATIENTS

tinyurl.com/yblvhtp

Trials of a vaccine against the most common cause of pneumonia and
meningitis ‘ both leading causes of death in HIV sufferers in Africa ‘
have proved so successful that scientists say it could be a major
breakthrough in combating the diseases. The new vaccine protects
against Streptococcus pneumoniae which causes pneumonia and, when it
invades the bloodstream and brain, causes septicaemia and meningitis.

******

GLOBAL: CHEAP ANTIBIOTIC HALVES RISK OF DEATH IN FIRST 18 MONTHS OF ART

tinyurl.com/ydd33zk

Use of cotrimoxazole, a cheap and widely available antibiotic, cut the
death rate by half in the first 72 weeks on antiretroviral therapy in
over 3,000 HIV-infected, symptomatic and severely immunosuppressed
patients in Uganda and Zimbabwe, Sarah Walker and colleagues reported
in an analysis of the DART trial published on March 29 in the online
edition of The Lancet.

******

GLOBAL: SCIENTISTS IN SLEEPING SICKNESS ‘BREAKTHROUGH’

news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/8597774.stm

Scientists say they have identified a potential treatment for sleeping
sickness, a killer disease that infects about 60,000 people in Africa
a year. British and Canadian experts say drugs could attack an enzyme
the parasite causing the illness needs to survive.

******

GLOBAL: SEEKING FUNDS TO FIGHT NEGLECTED DISEASES

www.ipsnews.net/news.asp’idnews=50873

Experts from around the world are trying to attract attention to
deadly but little-known illnesses, such as Chagas disease, visceral
leishmaniasis and sleeping sickness, that have been neglected by the
pharmaceutical industry. So-called neglected tropical diseases, which
also include malaria, dengue fever and schistosomiasis, in conjunction
with tuberculosis are responsible for 11.4 percent of the global
burden of illness, but only 1.3 percent of the 1,556 new drugs
registered between 1975 and 2004 were specifically developed for these
diseases.

******

SOUTH AFRICA: OUTBREAK OF RIFT VALLEY FEVER AFFECTING HUMANS

www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp’NewsID=34253

Dozens of farmers, veterinarians and farm workers have been infected
with Rift Valley fever in South Africa, and at least two people have
died, the United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) has reported.

******

13 Education

AFRICA: EDUCATION IN AFRICA: CHALLENGES AND SUCCESS STORIES

www.elearning-africa.com/newsportal/english/news229.php

High-quality education is the foundation for success and growth. There
is a need for empowered teachers, strong school leaders, better
curricula, and the ability for students to connect with one another
and the rest of the world, says Anthony Salcito, Vice President,
Worldwide Public Sector ‘ Education, Microsoft.

******

KENYA: PRIMARY EDUCATION UNDER THE GUN

www.ipsnews.net/news.asp’idnews=50874

The children are afraid. There are armed bandits hiding with stolen
animals in the thickets behind Nawoyaregae Primary School in Kaputir
Location. Cattle rustling and gory battles between the neighbouring
Turkana and Pokot communities are the order of the day in this area,
some 700 kilometres northwest of Nairobi. A long tradition of cattle
raiding has been sharpened by competition over grazing land and water.

******

NORTH AFRICA: MOROCCO MOBILISES PUPILS TO RECRUIT PEERS FOR SCHOOL

tinyurl.com/y9y862c

Morocco plans to train schoolchildren to help lure other youngsters
into the classroom under a government initiative aimed at boosting
enrolment rates. Some 500,000 schoolchildren will be trained to take
part in the “Child for Child” census-taking programme that the
Department of Education launched on Thursday (March 25th). Students
aged 6-15 will work with teachers and officials in April and May to
encourage youth who are not enrolled in school to return to their
studies.

******

14 LGBTI

SOUTH AFRICA: DR. SHOCK MUST BE BROUGHT TO BOOK

www.mask.org.za/article.php’cat=southafrica&id=2542

Gender DynamiX has asked victims of Dr Aubrey Levin, well known during
the apartheid era for using electric shock to ‘cure’ homosexual
soldiers, and recently arrested on charges indecently assaulting his
male patients, to come forward in order to strengthen the case against
him. Also known as Dr Shock, Levin is a psychiatrist who left South
Africa for Canada in the 1990’s amidst charges of chemically
castrating gay men as part of their therapy and had been identified by
South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation (TRC) as having committed
“gross human rights abuses.”

******

15 Environment

GLOBAL: OVER 110 NATIONS BACK COPENHAGEN CLIMATE DEAL

tinyurl.com/ygxm9l2

More than 110 nations, including top greenhouse gas emitters led by
China and the United States, have backed the non-binding Copenhagen
Accord for combating climate change, according to the first formal UN
list. The list, including countries from Albania to Zambia, helps end
weeks of uncertainty about support for the deal, agreed at an
acrimonious summit in the Danish capital in December. The list was
compiled by the United Nations Climate Change Secretaria

******

16 Land & land rights

AFRICA: FARMLAND LEASES THREATEN TO DRIVE CONFLICT

farmlandgrab.org/11923

Large-scale leases of African farmland by foreign investors risk
driving conflict and fueling corruption in the region, farm experts
said Monday at a conference on agricultural research and development.
But if regulations for responsible foreign land investment can be
drafted and followed, such leases could provide a much-needed cash
infusion for African agriculture which has struggled to find
investment elsewhere, they said.

******

WEST AFRICA: NIGERIA SEEKING GULF FARMLAND INVESTMENT

farmlandgrab.org/11930

Countries seeking food security and will allow investors to export all
of their produce, the head of a private Nigerian agriculture
consultancy firm said on Monday. Gulf Arab countries reliant on food
imports have intensified efforts over the last year to buy land in
developing nations ranging from Pakistan to the Sudan and Ethiopia.

******

17 Food Justice

GLOBAL: MORE FOOD, EXCEPT FOR THAT BILLION OR SO

ipsnews.net/newsTVE.asp’idnews=50859

While agricultural research has made massive strides over the years in
helping the world produce more food from the same amount of land,
around one in six people, the 1.02 billion hungry, have not noticed.

******

18 Media & freedom of expression

ETHIOPIA: IFJ CONDEMNS VOA JAMMING

tinyurl.com/ykjaddr

The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) has called on
Ethiopia to lift all restrictions on Voice of America (VOA) broadcasts
after the government summarily jammed the network’s broadcasts in
Amharic, amid accusations of peddling “destabilising propaganda”.

******

NIGERIA: RIGHTS GROUP TO APPEAL FACEBOOK RULING

tinyurl.com/yfesef4

A Nigerian civil rights group said Wednesday it would appeal an
Islamic court order to shut down its chat forums on Facebook and
Twitter which criticize the practice of Islamic law in northern
states.

******

SIERRA LEONE: UN RADIO CLOSED DOWN

tinyurl.com/yzqhd6m

Sierra Leoneans have woken up for the first time after ten years
without the United Nations radio. The UN radio which was set up in
2000 played a significant role in consolidating peace in the West
Africa nation. Until last night it was the ‘most trusted’ independent
broadcaster with a country wide transmission.

******

WEST AFRICA: NIGER MOVES TOWARDS PRESS FREEDOM

www.afrol.com/articles/35823

In meetings with media stakeholders, Niger’s transitional Prime
Minister Mahamadou Danda is promising full press freedom. Already,
prison sentences for journalists are repelled and the Niamey House of
the Media is reopened.

******

ZIMBABWE: AFRICAN JOURNALISTS CONCLUDE SUCCESSFUL SECOND FAJ CONGRESS

tinyurl.com/yb36ml7

The second continental congress of the Federation of African
Journalists (FAJ), the African regional organisation of the
International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), has been concluded
Sunday in Harare, Zimbabwe, on a call for a stronger and more united
journalist movement in the Africa.

******

19 Conflict & emergencies

DRC: HUNDREDS DISPLACED IN FLOODS

tinyurl.com/ybz3zaa

Heavy rains hit Maniema province in the Democratic Republic of Congo
(DR Congo), flooding the provincial capital Kindu and seven
neighbouring villages, according to the local government. The port
city of Kindu was submerged with at least 1,220 citizens displaced in
the rains that pounded the area and lifted the water levels in the
River Congo, the local environment department reported on Tuesday.

******

DRC: LRA RAMPAGE KILLS 321

tinyurl.com/yz8vufk

The rebel Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) killed at least 321 civilians
and abducted 250 others, including at least 80 children, during a
previously unreported four-day rampage in the Makombo area of
northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo in December 2009, Human
Rights Watch said in a report.

******

DRC: MASSACRE IN THE JUNGLE

tinyurl.com/yzexttc

The soldiers who arrived in Makombo, a remote district in northern
Congo on 14 December last year were practised at this sort of thing.
Wearing Ugandan or Congolese army uniforms, they did everything at
first to allay the suspicions of villagers, as they searched for areas
where children would gather ‘ markets, churches or water points. Once
they had identified their prey, they tied them with rope or wire into
human chains up to 15 people long, and forced them to carry off the
goods they had looted.

******

NIGERIA: 20 CHARGED WITH TERRORISM IN JOS ATTACKS

www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/LDE6300Q8.htm

Nigerian authorities charged 20 people on Thursday over their roles in
sectarian clashes that killed hundreds in central Plateau state last
month, and some could face the death penalty. Authorities are under
growing pressure to prosecute those behind the March 7 attacks on
three villages near Jos, the capital of Plateau state, in a bid to
prevent future violence.

******

SOUTHERN SUDAN: CONFLICT EXACERBATES HUNGER SEASON AND COULD DISRUPT CULTIVATION

www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/AZHU-843PD9’OpenDocument

The food insecure population in Southern Sudan has increased
significantly since January, following escalated inter-tribal/clan and
cattle’raiding conflicts during 2009, combined with poor rainfall that
led to reduced crop and off-farm production. Areas affected by
conflict include Jonglei, Warrap, Unity, and Lakes states, as well as
Mvolo and Mundri East counties in Western Equatoria.

******

20 Internet & technology

TANZANIA: EXPERTS CALL ON GOVERNMENT TO SET UP AN ICT AGENCY

www.balancingact-africa.com/news/current1.html#computing

Experts have called on the government to establish an agency that will
coordinate and manage ICT activities so as to enhance the sector’s
growth. The call was made during at an ICT summit, which was held in
Dar es Salaam to take stock of digital development in Tanzania and
explore ways to catapult the sector to a new level. The experts and
other stakeholders said the proposed body will also assume regulatory
functions in order to create a level playing field in the fast growing
industry.

******

UGANDA: DIRECT DATA ON DEMAND

ictupdate.cta.int/en/Feature-Articles/Direct-data-on-demand

A network of community knowledge workers (CKWs) in Uganda uses a suite
of mobile applications to give farmers a broad range of information.
The CKWs can provide farming advice, market data, pest- and
disease-control training, plus weather forecasts. Working with GPS,
they have also collected survey data to supply agricultural
researchers with detailed, location-specific information on diseases
affecting local crops.

******

WEST AFRICA: THE VIEW FROM ABOVE

ictupdate.cta.int/en/Feature-Articles/The-view-from-above

The Seeing is Believing project uses very high resolution satellite
imagery to give farmers in West Africa information on soil fertility
and accurate land size. Smallholder farmers in West Africa, and many
other tropical regions, are experts in precision agriculture, and have
been for many generations.

******

21 eNewsletters & mailing lists

SOMALIA: SOMALI-LED PEACE PROCESSES

AfricaFocus Bulletin Mar 30, 2010 (100330)

www.africafocus.org/docs10/som1003a.php

“How do Somali communities deal with their need for security and
governance in the absence of a state’ The reality is that since 1991
numerous Somali-led reconciliation processes have taken place at local
and regional levels. Often these have proven more sustainable than the
better resourced and better publicized national reconciliation
processes sponsored by the international community.” Pat Johnson and
Abdirahman Raghe in new report from Conciliation Resources and
Interpeace

******

22 Fundraising & useful resources

AFRICA: CALL FOR IDEAS: “TEN IDEAS FOR TOMORROW’S AFRICA”

www.cheetahblog.com/’p=941

Within the framework of the 50th anniversary of African independence,
the Social and Human Sciences Sector of UNESCO (SHS) is launching a
‘Call for Ideas’ for prospective proposals in favour of Africa’s
development within the next decade.

******

AN INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA

A Guide for NGOs

tinyurl.com/yeq86kb

This manual is designed to help NGOs in the Middle East and North
Africa (MENA) who may be interested in the field of Human Rights but
feel that they do not know enough about it or where to start. Sections
include:

Understanding the Problem
The Skills a Human Rights NGO needs
Building Cultures that favour Human Rights
Interventions
Working in Co-operation
Helping the Damaged
Further information (web links)

******

GLOBAL: CIVIL SOCIETY HEALTH POLICY ACTION FUND

Call for proposals

www.healthpolicyactionfund.org/

The International Health Partnership and related initiatives (IHP+)[1]
has launched a Civil Society Health Policy Action Fund in 2010. This
fund is open to support health organisations, networks and coalitions
in 21 IHP countries over a one-year period. The countries are Benin,
Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Democratic Republic of Congo,
Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger,
Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, and
Zambia.

******

23 Courses, seminars, & workshops

AFRICAN REFUGEE AND IMMIGRANT CONFERENCE

May 3-5, 2010, Arlington, VA

www.ecdc-cari.org/Conference_Program.pdf

Register now for ‘African Refugee and Immigrants: Challenges, Changes,
Champions’ ‘ From May 3-5, 2010 in Arlington, VA. Ethiopian Community
Development Council is hosting a conference on African Refugees and
Immigrants. Please join federal and local government officials, NGO
and CBO representatives, refugees and immigrants, academics, and other
experts engaged in refugee and immigrant issues.

******

DARE TO SHAPE THE FUTURE: APRIL 15-16, 2010

Kellogg Conference Hotel 800 Florida Ave N.E. Washington, D.C. 20002-3695

( www.africaaction.org/conference-home.html )

Despite continuing tensions, Zimbabwe’s year long Inclusive Government
has resulted in significant economic and political changes giving
great relief to long suffering Zimbabweans. Considerable as these
changes are, a lot remains to be done for Zimbabwe to fully transition
to a peaceful and democratic order, particularly in terms of critical
political reforms and national healing. In addition, to
institutionalize irreversible political reforms, key questions must be
addressed in relation to how Zimbabwe’s economy long ravaged by
Structural Adjustment Programs and corruption, among other factors,
can be reconstructed in the interest of ordinary people.

The conference theme, ‘Dare to Shape the Future’ emphasizes thinking
outside the box and encourages participants to creatively imagine and
help construct a different future for Zimbabwe, moving away from
destructive polarization and conflict to justice, healing and
reconciliation. And from repression, exploitation and poverty to
freedom, equity and development. The conference will take place within
the context of the yearlong existence of the Inclusive Government in
Zimbabwe and will coincide with Zimbabwe’s 30th independence
anniversary. In line with the theme of daring to shape the future ‘
the conference will pioneer a culture of inclusive dialogue among a
diverse range of stakeholders of different opinions and political
stripes to help forge a new culture of tolerance. Speakers from
Zimbabwe will help bring a better understanding of civil society
struggles on the ground and how the solidarity community can help and
will help shape people centered U.S. policies at a crucial time in
Zimbabwe’s history.

For more information visit
www.africaaction.org/conference-home.html or contact Africa
Action at 202-546-7961 or outreach@africaaction.org

******

EGYPT: MIGRATION AND REFUGEE STUDIES FELLOWSHIPS (MRS)

MRS Fellowships are offered by the Center for Migration and Refugee
Studies (CMRS) at the American University in Cairo through generous
contributions from the Ford Foundation and the International
Organization of Migration (IOM). The fellowships are intended to
enable qualified Egyptian Students to enroll in any of the graduates
programs of the Center for Migration and Refugees Studies.

www.pambazuka.org/en/category/courses/63476

******

24 Publications

SARABA – A NIGERIAN LITERARY JOURNAL

Special issue on the Niger Delta

www.sarabamag.com/magazine/saraba_issue5.pdf

The game of Niger Delta is an unfair one to which a whistle should
have been blown long ago. Yet, the game continues in all unfairness
and savagery; it has indeed become a first-come-first-swerve agendum.
There’s no gainsaying that the whistle should be blown; but where is
the whistle’ And who is the Umpire Definitely not Saraba. By creating
a collage of art forms behind an evocative front cover, we have
neither changed the outlook of the Delta nor influenced it.

******

25 Jobs

TANZANIA-BASED CONSULTANT – WELLSPRING ADVISORS

Tanzania-based Consultant
Wellspring Advisors

Wellspring Advisors seeks a Tanzania-Based Consultant to provide
critical support and oversight to its Tanzania grantmaking, which
focuses on pro’poor economic development, children’s rights and
development, women’s rights, and human rights. These wide’ranging
portfolios cover such issues as women’s land and property rights,
prevention of violence against women, reproductive rights, countering
impunity, freedom of speech, disability rights, education, child
protection, smallholder agriculture, and small and medium enterprise
development.

Wellspring Advisors, LLC coordinates grantmaking programs that advance
the realization of human rights and social and economic justice for
all people. Wellspring is a private philanthropic consulting firm with
offices in New York and Washington, DC. Our services include donor
education and helping to shape a strategic vision; identification and
presentation of appropriate funding opportunities; grants
administration; and reporting.

Wellspring Advisors is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

Wellspring Advisors seeks a Tanzania’Based Consultant to provide
critical support and oversight to its Tanzania grantmaking, which
focuses on pro’poor economic development, children’s rights and
development, women’s rights, and human rights. These wide’ranging
portfolios cover such issues as women’s land and property rights,
prevention of violence against women, reproductive rights, countering
impunity, freedom of speech, disability rights, education, child
protection, smallholder agriculture, and small and medium enterprise
development.

The consultant will report to Wellspring’s international program team.
The initial time commitment associated with this consultancy will be
part’time, approximately 4 to 8 days per month, for an initial period
of three months. Wellspring Advisors will not sponsor any candidates
to relocate to Tanzania and/or obtain any necessary legal
documentation in Tanzania, such as visas or work permits. Similarly,
Wellspring will not sponsor candidates to move to or work in the
United States.

Responsibilities

As requested by the international program team, the consultant will:

‘ Conduct due diligence and site visits for current and prospective
grantee organizations; monitor activities and use of funds by current
grantees; evaluate grantee performance;
‘ Identify and suggest prospective grantees that might align with
Wellspring’s clients’ programmatic priorities;
‘ Research and make recommendations about new issue areas of interest
to Wellspring’s programs;
‘ Report findings and recommendations to Wellspring’s international
program staff through regular written updates and conference call
meetings;
‘ Provide Wellspring with updates on unfolding current events that may
have an impact on its partners or program focus;
‘ Support grantees and applicants to ensure completion and submission
of applications and reports;
‘ Engage and network with donors and NGOs working in relevant fields
in Tanzania; attend relevant forums, meetings and conferences;
‘ Provide support in the planning and coordination of grant-related
activities, including technical assistance provision, trainings and
convenings;
‘ Support Wellspring staff in planning and executing site visits to
local partners in Tanzania; and
‘ Perform related duties as requested and as needs evolve.

Qualifications

‘ 5+ years professional experience working in the fields of
international development and/or human rights in Tanzania;
‘ University degree required; graduate degree preferred;
‘ Expertise in the areas of human rights, economic development,
women’s rights, and/or children’s rights, ability to work across a
range of programmatic issue areas highly desired;
‘ Excellent English oral and written communications skills required,
knowledge of local languages a plus;
‘ Prior experience with grantmaking or grants management a plus;
‘ Strategic planning and other organizational development skills a plus;
‘ Excellent analytic abilities and impartiality;
‘ Initiative, resourcefulness, and flexibility’ability to work
independently with minimal supervision;
‘ Demonstrated commitment to Wellspring’s grantmaking priorities;
‘ Ability to handle confidential client information with complete
discretion; and
‘ Ability to work and travel within Tanzania.

How to apply

Send an email to HLCARINO@aol.com with ‘Tanzania Consultancy’ in the
subject line, to which you have attached the following three
documents:

1. Cover letter highlighting relevant qualifications and salary history;
2. Current resume with three professional references; and
3. English writing sample (5-page maximum).

H’ctor Cari’o, Recruiter
Wellspring Advisors, LLC
1410 Broadway, 23rd Floor
New York, NY 10018-5007
Facsimile 212/ 609.2633

Applications must be received by May 1, 2010

Due to the high volume of applications received, Wellspring Advisors
regrets that it is only able to respond to finalist candidates.

******

Fahamu – Networks For Social Justice
www.fahamu.org

Pambazuka News is published by Fahamu Ltd.

‘ Unless otherwise indicated, all materials published are licensed
under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works
3.0 Unported License. For further details see:
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Pambazuka news can be viewed online: English language edition (
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With over 1000 contributors and an estimated 500,000 readers Pambazuka
News is the authoritative pan African electronic weekly newsletter and
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In addition to its online store, Fahamu Books (
fahamubooks.org/’utm_source=pz476&utm_medium=email ) is pleased
to announce that Yash Tandon’s Ending Aid Dependence is now available
for purchase in bookstores in Tanzania, Ghana, Zambia, Malaysia, and
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please visit Where to buy our books (
fahamubooks.org/bookstores/’utm_source=pz476&utm_medium=email )
on the Fahamu Books website, or purchase online (
fahamubooks.org/book/’GCOI=90638100770030&utm_source=pz476&utm_medium=email
) .

*Pambazuka News has now joined Twitter. By following ‘pambazuka’ on
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various websites that we visit to keep our fingers on the pulse of
Africa! Visit delicious.com/pambazuka_news

ISSN 1753-6839

End of Pambazuka-news Digest, Vol 123, Issue 1

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