At a bridge in central Cuba, near the city of Cienfuegos, a team of Cuban and U.S. scientists collect water. They explored twenty-five Cuban rivers and found little damage after centuries of sugarcane production.
by Joshua A Brown
University of Vermont
When the Soviet Union disintegrated in the early 1990s, food production on the island of Cuba was reduced—as the supply of Russian fertilizers, pesticides, tractors, and oil dried up. Under the stress of an imminent food crisis, the island quickly rebuilt a new form of diversified farming—including many urban organic gardens—that depended less on imported synthetic chemicals. Over the last two decades, Cuba blossomed into a worldwide model for conservation agriculture, with improved soils and cleaner water.